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C13: Human Geography of Europe: Mediterranean, Western, Northern, & Eastern


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An autonomous political unit made up of a city & its surrounding lands.
What is a City-State?
A government in which citizens elect representatives to rule in their behalf.
What is a Republic?
p. 290
A series of wars launched by European Christians in A.D.1096 to capture the Holy Land (Palestine) from Muslims. ( A Holy War)
What are the Crusades?
p. 291
A time of renewed interest in learning and the arts (14th through 16th C.); began in city-states and spread to all of Europe.
What was the Renaissance?
p. 291
A structure that carries water over a long distance.
What is an Aqueduct? p.292
The economic union of Belgium, The Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
What is the Benelux?
p. 296
A movement in western Europe beginning in 1517, when many Christians broke away from the Catholic Church and started Protestant Churches; this led to mutual hostility & religious wars that tore apart Europe.
What is the Reformation?
p. 297
A political system prevailing in Europe from 9th to 15th Centuries in which a King allowed Nobles to use his land in exchange for their military service and protection of lands.
What is Feudalism?
p. 297.
The belief that people should be loyal to their nation, the people with whom they share the land, culture, & history.
What is Nationalism?
The Nazi program of mass murder of European Jews during W.W. II
What is the Holocaust?
p. 298.
A wall erected by East Germany in 1945 to prevent free western Europeans from entering East Berlin occupied by Soviet Union.
What is the Berlin Wall?
p. 299.
Countries of Northern Europe including Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, & Sweden.
What are the Nordic Countries? p. 302
A representative, law-making body whose members are elected or appointed and in which legislative & executive functions are combined
What is Parliament?
p. 303
The section of Scotland between Glasgow & Edinburgh named for its high concentration of high-tech companies.Makes 32%of Europe's PCs & 51% of ntbk. computers.
What is Silicon Glen? p. 305
A common currency proposed by the European Union for its members.
What is the Euro? p.305
A place where various cultures cross paths.
What is a Cultural Crossroads? p. 310
The process of breaking up a region into small mutually hostile units.
What is Balkanization?
p. 311
A nation dominated by another country.
What is a Satellite Nation?
p. 312.
An economic system in which production of goods and services is determined by the demand from consumers.
What is a Market Economy?
Handmade items such as pottery, wood carving and traditional costumes produced by rural people w/ traditional lifestyles.
What is Folkart?
p. 315
Discrimination against Jewish peoples
What is Anti-Semitism?

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