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American History Unit 2 10.3.05


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Jefferson Davis
*Senator from Mississippi
*Elected President of the Confederacy
James Madison
*President when the Missouri Compromise was completed
*Issued the Monroe Doctrine in 1823 warning European nations to stay out of western hemisphere
San Antonio
Town were 200 Texan rebels held out for weeks against 5,000 mexican troops
Territory acquired from Britain in an agreement that extended U.S./Canada border
Harper's Ferry
Town in Virginia where the abolitionist John Brown seized a federal arsenal in an attempt to arm slaves
*Admitted as free state in Compromise of 1850
*Was mexicans territory until mexican war
*Discovery of gold affected states growth
Purchased by the U.S. from Spain in 1819 for 5 million
New Orleans
*Site of famous battle War of 1812
*Occurred 3 weeks after the peace treaty
Missouri and Maine
*Admitted to the Union in Missouri Compromise
*Missouri - slave state
*Maine - free
36' 30'
Missouri Compromise stated that slavery was banned north hof this line
Fort Sumter, South Carolina
*Located in Charleston
*U.S. fort that Confederate forces shelled on April 12 1861
*Began Civil War
Dred Scott Case
John Brown's raid in Harper's Ferry
Missouri Compromise
War began between Britain and the U.S. over the issue of Impressment
November 1860
Presidental Election
Compromise of 1850
April 12, 1861
Civil War begins Confederate troops fire on Ft. Sumter
Kansas - Nebraska Act
March 6, 1836
Mexican troops capture the Alamo killed 200 Texans
Popular Sovereignity
Allowed each states to vote on whether it wanted slavery or not
Guadalupe - Hidalgo
*Treaty ended the Mexican War
*U.S. received much land from Mexico
*U.S. gave Mexico 15 million for loss of territory
*Practice where British kidnapped American sailors to serve on their ship
*British claimed that Americans were citizens of England
*Major cause of War of 1812
South Carolina agrued that any state could cancel/void a law passed by Congress
Confederate States of American/ Confederacy
*Made up of seven slave states
*Jefferson Davis was President
Indian Removal Act
*Law passed by Congress during Jackson's presidency
*All indian tribes east of Mississippi were to move to reservations in Oklahoma
Uncle Tom's Cabin
*Written in 1852 by Harriet Beecher Stowe
*Depicted slave's cruel lives
Treaty of Ghent
*Signed Christmas Eve
*Britain promised to stop impressment
*U.S. promised to stay away from Canada
*Battle occurred three weeks after they signed
Kansas - Nebraska Act
*Written in 1854 by Stephen Douglas
*Allowed slavery to exist north of 36' 30'
*Let each decide if they wanted slavery or not
Monroe Doctrine
*Policy written by Monroe in 1823
*Warning to nations of Europe to stay out of western hemisphere
The Alamo
Mar , 1836 5,000 mexican troops attacked the Alamo and killed 200 texan defenders who took over the place
Whiskey Rebellion
Western Penn.
*Farmers refused to pay tax on whiskey
*Washington called troops to put down after violence broke out
*This showed that the government had this power
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin
Compromise of 1850
Henry Clay worked out an agreement:
*Admitted Cali as a free state
*Ended slave trade in Washington D.C.
*Gave slave owners power to pursue runaway slaves
Election of 1860
*Four way battle for Presidency (Stephen Douglas, John Bell, Breckinridge)
*Lincoln won
Mexican War
The war is important for two reasons:
1. It divided the country between North and South
2. Number of young military officers served in the conflict who would become famous in the Civil War 15 years later
*Led by South Carolina
*Slave states began to leave the Union following Lincolns election
Missouri Compromise
*Agreement on slavery written by Henry Clay
*Missouri would enter the Union as a slave state
*Maine would be a free state
*A line was drawn between the two which was 36'30
"Right to vote"
War of 1812
*Between U.S. and Britain over impressment
*Lasted 2 1/2 years
*British attacked Washington D.C.
*U.S. won victory of New Orleans
Louisiana Purchase
1803 Thomas Jefferson was offered territory by France for 15 million
XYZ Affair
Three French diplomats tried to bribe Adams, Adam referred to these men as XYZ
John Adams
*2nd President
*Served Vice President to Washington
*XYZ affair occurred
*Served one term
Henry Clay
*Senator from Kentucky
*Author of the Missouri Compromise and Compromise of 1850
Lewis And Clark
Hired by the U.S. government to explore the Louisiana Territory
Susan B. Anthony
Important leaders of the women's rights movement in the 1830s - 1840s who campaigned for the women's suffrage
Napoleon Bonaparte
*Military dictator of France
*Sold the Louisiana Territory to the U.S. for 15 million
Stephen Douglas
*Illinois senator
*Author of Kansas - Nebraska Act
*Ran for President in 1860
Dred Scott
Slave who unsuccessfully tried to win his freedom by going to the U.S. Supreme Court
Sam Houston
*Became the first President of Texas
*Urged that Texas be annexed by the U.S.
Abraham Lincoln, John Breckinridge, etc.
Candidate in the Presidental election of 1860
Aaron Burr
*Ran against Jefferson in 1800
*Tied in the Electral College, Jefferson was choosen
*President by House of Representatives
*Became Vice President
Thomas Jefferson
*Ran for President in 1800 against Aaron Burr
*Chosen in a vote taken in the House of Representatives
Andrew Jackson
*President 1829 - 37
* 1st President who came from west of the Applachian Mountains
*Hero in War of 1812
*First "common man"
*Indian Removal Act
William Lloyd Garrison etc.
Important abolitionists (wanted to end slavery)
George Washington
*First President of the U.S.
*Took office in 1789
*Whiskey Rebellion took place Bill of Rights added to Con.
*Urged that the country not get invovled in foreign affairs
John Calhoun and Daniel Webster
*Two important Senators
*Calhoun from South Carolina favored slavery
*Webster from Massachusetts against slavery

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