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American History Unit 1 9.13.05


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Treaty Of Paris
*Agreement between Americans/British that ended Revolution
*British gave up all lands for Great Lakes to Florida
Virginia Plan
Representatives in New Congress would be determined by population
Philadelphia Convention
*Purpose to revise Articles
*Decided to start from sctrach
*Meetings held away from public
Federalist Papers
A series of essays written by the authors of the Constitution urging ratification of the document
New Jersey Plan
Each state would recieve the same number of representatives regardless of population
Checks And Balances
Each branch of government has ways to limit (check) the power of the other two branches
Boston Massacre
Five colonists were short and killed by British soldiers on March 5, 1770
Committees of Corr.
Groups that kept leaders throughout the colonies informed of British policies, actions
Seperation of Powers
Political power is divided amoung the Legislatiive, Executive, and Judicial branches
Great Compromise
*Agreement created a House of Representatives based on population
*Senate based on equal representation from each state
Boston Tea Party
Colonists destroyed British tea in response to the tea act on Dec. 16, 1773
3/5 Compromise
Agreement where by slave states could include slaves in their total population
Intolerable Acts
A series of laws passed by Parliament to punish Bostonians for the Tea Pary
Sons of Liberty
Led by Sam Adams organized protest against British rule
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments to the Constitution
Proclamation of 1763
Law passed by British which banned American colonists from crossing the Appalachian Mountains
Articles of Confed.
*Series of agreements among the Thirteen states and became first government
*States had most power
Sugar Act, Stamp Act
Various tax laws imposed by the British on the American colonists
Northwest Ordinance
*Adopted in 1787
*Three but no more than five states would be created
*Slavery banned
*Fought in Virginia in 1781
*American victory
*Last major battle
Lexington and Concord
Suburbs of Boston where the first two battles of the Revolution were fought
*Fought in New York state ini 1777
*American victory
*Turning of the war
M. Corbin etc.
Notable women who fought on the American side during war for independence
Crispus Attucks
*African American
*First person killed at Boston Massacre
Sam Adams
Colonial political leader head of the "Sons of Liberty"
James Madison
*Known as the father of the Constitutioin
*4th President of the U.S.
King George lll
Ruler of Great Britian during the American Revolution
Alexander Hamilton
*Important member of the Philly Convention
*Wanted to abolish the states completely
*Became first Secretary of the Treasury
WM Paterson
Author of New Jersey Plan
Howe, Burgoyne, etc.
British military commanders during the American Revolution
Thomas Paine
*Author of pamphlet,Common Sense
*This pamphlet cause the complete with Britian
George Washington
*Commander in chief of American forces during the War
*Served as President of Philly Convention
*1st President of the U.S.
Edmund Randolph
Author of the Virginia Plan
Benjamin Franklin
*Attended the Philly Convention
*Helped to create "The Great Compromise"
Pulaski, etc.
*Foreign military officers who helped train
*American troops during the war with Britain
Writs of Assistance
Search warrents used by British officials to search homes,businesses etc. looking for smuggled goods
Concurrent Powers
Impose taxes
Establish courts
Establish banks
Borrow money to pay expenses
Provide general welfare
Build highways
Reserved Powers
Establish local government
Establish schools
Regulate state commerce
Make regulations for marriage
Establish and regulate corporations
Maintain highways
Minimum drinking age etc.
Delegated Powers
Maintain army/navy
Establish a postal system
Set standards (measures, weights, etc.)
Regulate trade between states/foreign nations
Declare war/treaties
Second Amendment
Asserts the need for a militia and protects the right to keep and bear arms
First Amendment
Provides freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly
Sixth Amendment
Provides the right to a speedy, fair, trail, and a lawyer
Third Amendment
Prevents soldiers from taking over private homes during peacetime or war unless authorized to do so by law
Fourth Amendement
Prohibits unreasonable searches and seizures
May 14 - Sept 17 1787
Philly Convention
The Cons. officially replaces the Articles of Confederation
April 19, 1775
First two battles of the American Revolution at Lexington Concord Mass.
Battle of Saratoga which was the turning point of the Revolution
Battle of Yorktown which was the last of the battles
The Bills of Rights added to Cons. (Amendments 1-10)
March 5, 1770
Boston Massacre
Dec 16, 1773
Boston Tea Party
July 4, 1776
Declaration of Independence adopted by Continental Congress
Treaty of Paris, British recognize American independence
A sharing of power between the national/federal government and the states
What are the weaknesses in the Confederation?
*No president
*No national court system
*No power to tax
*No power to establish armed forces
*Major laws required 9 out of 13 states to pass
*States printed own money
Eighth Amendment
No excessive bail or fines as well as no cruel or unusual punishment

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