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Latin Case Uses


undefined, object
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Ablative: means
without preposition, expresses means/instrument, "with" may/may not be used with cum
Ablative: manner
manner something is done, cum required when noun not modified by adjective
Ablative: personal agent
person doing the action of a passive verb, preceeded by A or ab "by"
Ablative: separation
verbs that express/imply separation, usually occurs alone, but also w/ A(ab), E(ex), or dE
Ablative: origen
may/may not have prep, origen/descent of person/thing
Ablative: place from which
used w/ prep A, E, or dE, preps not used w/ names of towns, cities, small islands, and domus or rUs
Ablative: accompaniment
used with cum "with"
Ablative: time when/ w/in which
time when or within, prep ont usually used
Ablative: respect (Specification)
respect in which a statement is true, w/out prep
Ablative: partitive
ablative preceeded by E(ex) or dE, alternate to partitive gen when head noun is a cardinal number
Ablative: absolute
subject of construction is different from subject/object of main clause, functions as an adverb giving circumstances, all tenses of participle may occur, no participle used w/ sum instead it is implied
Ablative: cause
generally w/out prep
Ablative: description
noun modified by an adjective can describe or express a quality of another noun
Dative: agent w/ passive periphrastic
in periphrastic agency is expressed by dative, action of verb is necessary w/ reference
Dative: possessor
dative + sum, use context as guide
Accusative: place to which
used w/ prep ad, names of towns, cities, small islands and domus or rUs usually w/out prep
Accusative: duration & extent
usually w/out prep, expresses duration of time or extent of space, answers question "for how long"
Dative: double dative
two datives: one denotes purpose with reference to which the action occurs; the other denotes the person/thing with reference to which the action/idea is relevant
Accusative: cause
ob or proptor "on account of" followed by accusative
Genitive: partitive
expresses whole group on whih the head noun depends
Genitive: descriptive
noun modified by an adjective can describe or express a quality of another noun
Genitive: predicate
noun in the genitive which stands alone (or modified by an adj) in the prediacate denotes a characteristic or class

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