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Core Concepts in Pharmacology Ch 26


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plant extract used to treat or prevent illness
dietary supplement
non-drug substance regulated by the DSHEA
Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994 (DSHEA)
primary law in the United States regulating herb and dietary supplements
folic acid
B vitamin that is a coenzyme in protein and nucleic acid metabolism

AKA folate
substance in a red blood cell that contains iron and transports oxygen and CO2
plant with a soft stem that is used for healing or as a seasoning
excess intake of vitamins
intrinsic factor
chemical secreted by the stomach that is required for absorption of vitamin B12
major mineral
inorganic compound needed by the body in amounts of 100 mg or more daily
pernicious (megaloblastic) anemia
usually caused by lack of secretion of intrinsic factor
an inactive chemical that is converted to a vitamin in the body
Recommeded Dietary Allowance (RDA)
amount of vitamin or mineral needed daily to avoid a deficiency in a healthy adult
trace mineral
inorganic compound needed by the body in amounts of 20 mg or less daily
organic compounds required by the body in small amounts

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