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Music in Concert Final


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why sing?
willing suspension of disbelief, you can hear better, audience interprets in a more emotional way
date of conversion of constantinople
date of the fall of the roman empire
476 AD
dates of renaissance
1400 AD-1600 AD
renaissance--literal meaning, where it started, why it was important to musical theatre
florence, italy
nostalgia for the classic greek civilizations, first theatre built since the fall of rome
discuss invention of opera--who when where
around 1600 AD, florentines?, originally for royalty
dates of baroque beginning and end
1600 AD- 1750 AD
baroque description--adjectives
twisted, more dancing, castrati, aria
dates for classical period
1750 AD- 1800 AD
5 "fors" of enlightenment
common sense
science and scientific method
simpler music
equal rights
5 "againsts" of enlightenment
supernatural religion
privledged classes
10 characteristics of ballad opera
normally comic
spoken dialogue
popular-sounding melodies
semi-trained singers
bass voice
stereotypical characters
usually only 2 acts
rapid and lively musical style
songs are shorter
chain finale
3 things that grew out of opera
public concert halls supported by ticket sales, modern symphony, ballet (french opera)
british music hall--describe
pleasure gardens, get beer and entertainment, variety show, plank benches with long tables for food, audiences joined in on songs, mediocre acts booed off stage
what killed off british music hall
introduction of talking motion pictures
dates for romantic period
1800 AD- 1900 AD
describe minstrel shows
groups of white men with black-face on tell jokes, nostalgic for old south--about happiness on the plantation, song and dance, cake walk
describe burlesque
could involved dialogue, instrumental, or songs, but concentrated on dance, originally for everyone, then became for men only
describe vaudeville
variety act--each act independent, performers travelled the vaudeville circuit, 10 cents for 3 hrs of entertainment, ethnic song very popular, comedy numbers and weepers also popular, waltz song was a popular dance
describe revue
musical show whose scenes are related by theme, not plot, heavy on song and dance
extravaganza--list a few and what made them special
the black crook-- elaborate sets and stage effects, 5 1/2 hours long
ben hur-- first use of rotating set
robert le diable
marie taglioni became a hit in this show
her dance was the ballet of the dead nuns
4 gilbert and sullivan shows
trial by jury, HMS pinafore, the pirates of penzance, patience
3 american operetta composers
victor herbert, rudolph friml, sigmund romberg
1 english operetta composer
ivor novello
6 kinds of american dance
one step
cake walk
tap dancing
ethyl merman
famous for her voice and holding a note, cast in "i got rhythm" which is the song that made her famous
cole porter
rich, sophisticated, yet a broadway writer of music and lyrics
wrote anything goes
wanted a life in high=society (which he had) and a well-known name
pushed the boundaries
jerome kern and showboat
pioneering-- all songs and dances related to the plot
no happy ending
beginning of the end for fairytale romance
end of the identically-dressed chorus
around 1600
women couldn't sing in the church (boys take the soprano part but then their voices dropped)
very large ribs/lung room and very small adams apple
extremely popular with poor boys thinking they'd strike it rich
george handel
got a job at the opera in hamburg then left for italy and wrote for castrati
wrote 40 operas total--all showcasing castrati
beggars opera
by john gay
all in english, ordinary singers
beggars, prostitutes, theives, etc
biggest hit in 100 yrs in london
fanny brice
famous jewish performer on vaudeville
florenz ziegfeld
ziegfeld follies (revue)
sex sells--glorifying the american girl
greek theatre
state supported
actors exempt from military service
elaborate stage sets
wind and thunder machines, trap doors, etc
roman theatre
a lot of drama
sex shows
gladiator contests
first to have tap dance
musical accompanyment
reserved seating and ushers
theatre of the middle ages
no more theatres
professional acting frowed upon
performers move to the streets to juggle, mime, etc
liturgical drama/pageants
mystery plays of bible stories, miracle plays about the saints
morality plays about the 7 deadly sins

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