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early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the elemental structure of the human mind
a school of psychology that focused on how mental and behavioral processes function-how they enable the organism to adapt, survive, and flourish
view that psychology should be an objective science that studies behavior without reference to mental processes most research psychologists today agree that it should be an objective science
physical reactions or behaviors
who is different from the sum of the parts
Freud's theory of personality and therapeutic technique that attributes our thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts *Unconscious motivation*
mind of the humans *child of humanism when they couldn't just look at physical behavior anymore
Cognitive Psychology
focused on a single person, retrospective, non-quantitative
case study
(field study) watching what happens in a realistic setting
Naturalistic Observation
conduction surveys for research
Survey Method
can't infer causation
Correlation Method
can infer causation
experimental method
(cause) experiemental controls
Independent variable
(effect) effected by independent
Dependent variable
(experimental) receives some of the Independent variable
Treatment Group
receives none of the independent variable
Control Group
believe they are getting independent variable
placebo group
sometimes any treatment will result in improved performance because subjects know they are getting special treatment
Hawthorne Effect
Only believing they are getting special treatment will result in improved performance
Placebo Effect
(Rosenthal Effect)Expectations of researcher will effect the outcome of a study
Experimenter Bias
must be informed of any aspect that might change their mind to participate
Informed consent
entitled to know what went on
information from participants must be kept confidential-can't release the age or race
withdrawal from experiemnt is possible at any time without prejudice-must get credit
withdrawal privileges
researcher must protect participants from physical harm and mental distress-must alleviate if it does happen
subject protection
must not be force to participate
voluntary participation
thought intelligence was developmental
mental ages divided by chronological age then multiply by 100 for the IQ
Two Factor Model by Spearman
number, word fluency, verbal meaning, memory, reasoning, spatial relations, perceptual speed
thurstone's factors
linguistic, logical/mathematical, musical, spatial, bodily kinesthetic, Interpersonal, Intrapersonal, naturalist
gardner's multi-factor

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