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AP Psych. - Module 1


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Did Socrates and Plato believe the mind and body were attached or separated?
Did Socrates believe knowledge was innate or acquired?
Who was Plato's student?
What was the name of Aristotle's school?
Did Aristotle believe the mind/soul and body were attached or separated?
Did Aristotle believe knowledge was innate or acquired?
Who hypothesized that events experienced under strong emotion are better remembered?
Who was Augustine?
Wrote about how the condition of the body influences the mind and how the mind influences the body, (too much bile can make you irritable and vice versa)
How did Descartes think memories were formed?
Experiences opened pores in the brain, into which animal spirits flowed
What was one of Francis Bacon's beliefs?
Human understanding supposes a greater degree of order than one really finds
What was Wilhelm Wundt's psychological experiment?
Measured the lag time between people's hearing a ball hit a platform and the time it took them to press a key; (seeking to measure the "toms of the mind")
What school is Titchner associated with?
Structuralism, (introspection)
Who is associated with the school of structuralism?
What was John Roethke's famous quote?
"Self-contemplation is a curse that makes an old confusion worse"
What school is William James associated with?
Pragmatism, (functionalism)
What did William James think was the purpose of free will?
Gives you reason to plan, take initiative, and discipline yourself
What was the title of Margaret Floy Washburn's book?
The Animal Mind
What is the current definition of psychology?
The science of behavior and mental processes
Describe neuroscience psychology.
How the body and brain enable emotions, memories, and sensory experiences; (brain circuits that produce a physical state of being "red in the face")
Describe evolutionary psychology.
How the natural selection of traits promotes the perpetuation of one's genes; (analyze how anger facilitates the survival of our ancestors' genes)
Describe behavior genetics psychology.
How much our genes and our environment influence our individual differences; (how heredity and experience influence our individual differences in temperment)
Describe psychodynamic psychology.
How behavior springs from unconscious drives and conflicts; (outbursts as an outlet for unconscious hostility)
Describe behavioral psychology.
How we learn observable responses, (facial expression and body gestures that accompany anger)
Describe cognitive psychology.
How we encode, process, and store information; (interpretation of a situation affects our anger and how our anger affects our thinking)
Describe socio-cultural psychology.
How behavior and thinking vary across situations and cultures
What are the 7 current perspectives in psychology?
Behavioral Genetics
What are the 5 different types of psychology careers?
What are the four steps of effective studying?
Preview, read, think critically, and review
What are four extra suggestions for effective studying?
1. Distribute study time
2. Listen actively
3. Overlearn
4. Be a smart test-taker

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