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Anatomy Atlas A


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Anatomical position
person stand erect with the feet flat on the floor, arms at the sides, and the palms, face, and eye facing forward.
face up like lying on back
face down
saggittal plane
passes vertically thorugh the body right and left
Frontal (Coronal)
divides body to anterior and posterior
axial region
head neck and trunk
thoracic region, abdominal region
Midclavicular line
passes through the midpoint of the clavicle or collar bone verticle
subcostal line
connects the inferior borders of teh lowest costal cartilages. top horizontal
intertubercular line
pases form left to right between the tubercles of the pelvis
appendages upper limbs and lower limbs
dorsal body cavity subdivisions
cranial, and the vertebral column
dorsal body cavity is lined by three membrane layers
Ventral Body cavity
thoracic cavity and abdominopelvic cavity
Serous membranes fill what cavity
thoracic and abdominoplevic
abdominal cavity
above the brim of the pelvis contains most of the digestive organs as well as the kidneys and ureters
pelvic cavity
contians distal part of the large intestine, the urinary bladder and urethra, and reproductive organs
Thoracic cavity contains
mediastinum, pleural cavity, pericardial cavity
Abdominoplevic cavity contains
abdominal cavity, and pelvic cavity
intestines are suspended from the dorsal abdominal wall by a translucent membrane
moist membrane that lines body cavities or covers the external surfaces of the viscera
mesentary of the large intestine
greater omentum
fatty membrane that hangs like an apron from the inferolateral margin of the stoma nad overlies the intestines
Integumentary system
Organs: skin, hair, nails, and cutaneous glands. protection, water retention, thermoregulation, vitamin D synthesis, cutaneous sensation nonverbal communication
Skeletal system
Organs: Bones, cartilages, ligaments. Support, movement, protective enclosure of viscer, blood formation, electrolyte and acid base balance
Muscular System
Organs: skeletal muscles. Movement, stability, communication, control of body openings, heat production
Nervous system
Organs: brain, spinal cord, nerves, ganglia. Rapid internal communication and coordination, sensation
Organs: pituitary gland, pineal gland, thryroid, parathyroid, thymus, adrenal, pancreas, testes, ovaries. Internal chemical communication and coordination
Organs: Heart, blood vessels. Distribution of nutrients, oxygen, wastes, hormones, electrolytes, heat, immune cells, and antibodies; fluid, electrolyte, and acid base balance
Organs: lymph nodes, lymphatic vessels, thymus, spleen, tonsils. Recovery of excess tissue fluid, detection fo pathogens, production of immune cells, defense
Organs: nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs. Absorption of oxygen, discharge of carbon dioxide, acid- base balance, speech
Organs: Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra. Elimination of wastes; regultion of blood volume and pressure; stimulation of red blood cell formation; control of fluid, electrolyte, and acid-base balance; detoxification
Organs: teeth, tongue, salivary glands, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, liver, gallbladder, pancrease. Nutrient breakdown and absoprtio; liver functions include metabolism of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, vitamins, and minerals, synthesis of plasma proteins, disposal of drugs, toxi, and hormones, and cleansing of blood
Male Reproductive System
Organs: testes, epididymides, spermatic ducts, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, bulbourethral glands, penis. Production and delivery of sperm
Female Reproductive sysytem
Organs: ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, vulva, mammary glands. Productin of eggs, site of fertilization and fetal development, fetal nourishment, birth, lactation

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