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Medicine commonly used to treat Anti-Anxiety?
Benzodiazepine or Anxiolytic medications
Other medicines used to treat anxiety
Beta-blockers, Busiprone (Buspar), and Antihitamines
Commonly Used Benzodiazepines
Librium, Xanax, Tranxene, Valium, Ativan, Serax, Dalmane, and Restoril
Main side effect of Benzodiazepines
Central Nervous system effects
Common side effects of Benzodiazepines
Fatigue, dizzines, confusion, drowsiness, Impaired motor coordination, headache, irritability, Restlessness, and memory impairment
Busiprone basic information
No sedative effects
Not addicitive
Good for anxiety/depression combinations
2 weeks for full effect
Busirpone contraindications
Not to be used in crisis interventions
Not to be used with Haloperidol, MAO inhibitors, or Antabuse
Busiprone side effects
Nausea, headache, dizziness
Beta-blocker information and side effects
Effective with anticipatory anxiety
Side effects - sedation, hypotension, and decreased heart rate
Antihistamines information
Rarely used for anxiety
Rabidly absorbed
Sedative effect
Antidepressant medication targets
Depressed effect
Physicological symptoms (sleep, energy)
Anxiety with other symptoms
Tricyclic Antidepressant medications
Elavil, Sinequan, Pamelor, Anafranil, Vivatyl, and Tofranil
Tricyclic Antidepressant side effects
Sedative with anticholinergic effects (dry mouth, constipation, urinary hesitancy) and sexual dysfunction
MAO Inhibitors medications
Nardil and Parnate
MAO Inhibitors side effects
Dry mouth, dizziness, insomnia, weakness, hypotension, weight gain
MAO Inhibitors basic informaiton
Effective in treatment of depression, atypical depression, and anxiety
MAO Inhibitors contraindications
Avoid foods that have high amino acid tyramine content (cheese, chocolate, yogurt) - results in hypertension
Not to be taken with some drugs including Prozac, cocaine
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors
Commonly prescribed SSRI
Prozac, Paxil, Effexor, Zoloft, Celexa, Remeron, and Desyrel
SSRI side effects
headache, nausea, anxiety, constipation, headache, sedation
SSRI contraindications
Not to be taken with:
Benzodiazepines, busiprone, tricyclic antidepressants, L-Tryptophan, litium, and carbamzepine
SSRI dx uses
Major depression, dysthymia, obsessive-compulsive, and bulimia
New Antidepressant Drugs
Serzone and Wellbutrin
Antipsychotics dx uses
Serious psychiatric disorders including:
Schizophrenia, delusional disorder, dementia, major depressions involving psychotic symptoms, and sometimes for schizotypal personality disorders
Antipsychotics also are known as...
Major tranquilizers or neuropletics
Commonly prescribed Antipsychotic medications include
Thorazine, Mellaril, Stelazine, Haldol, Prolixin, Navane, Clozaril, Risperdal, Zyprexa, Clozapine
Antipsychotic side effects
- Tardive dyskinesia (involuntary movements)
- Dystonias (disorderd tissue tone, miniseizures)
- Anticholinergic (weight gain, constipation, confusion)
- Malignant Syndrome (catatonic stupor, fever)
- Akathisia (restlessness)
Parkinsonian symptoms (hand tremors, shuffling, slow speech)
Mood-Stabilizers basic information
Used to treat Bipolar disorder
Keeps mood from dropping or elevating
Mood-Stabilizing medications include:
Lithium, Depakote, and Tegretol
Lithium side effects
weight gain, fatigue, nausea, confusion, diarrehea, muscle weakness, hand tremors
Mood-Stabilizing - Important information for use of Lithium
Must monitor blood levels to prevent toxic effects
Takes up to 3 weeks to work
Psychostimulants uses
Primarily ADHD, but also with narcolepsy and obesity
Psychostimulants - Important informaiton
High potential for abuse
Commonly prescribed Psychostimulants
Dextroamphetamine, Ritalin, Pemoline
Psychostiumulant side effects
Insomnia, loss of appetite, anxiety, gastrointestinal pain, cardiac arrythmia
How Psychotimulants work
with ADHD - a paradoxical response so they experience ability to concentrate and exercise self-control
others - creates wakefulness, improved mood, and alertness
Lithium contraindications
Must monitor blood levels to prevent toxic side effects
Important Psychostimulant information
HIGH abuse potential
Common Psychostimulant medications
Dextroamphetamine, Ritalin, and Pemoline
Effects of Psychostimulants
Normal - wakefulness, alertness, improved mood
ADHD individual - paradoxical response with increased ability to concentrate and exercise self-control
Psychostimulant side effects
Insomnia, loss of appetite, anxiety, gastrointestinal pain, and cardiac arrythmia

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