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EPPP Ethics


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Are the Preamble and General Principles enforceable?
No- they are aspirational goals
Are the Ethical Standards enforceable?
Name the 6 General Principles
A: Beneficence & Nonmaleficence
B: Fidelity & Responsibility
C: Integrity
D: Justice
E: Respect for People's Rights and Dignity
1. General Standards
.01 Applicability of Ethics Code
To work related/psychological activities only
1. General Standards
.02 Relationship Ethics & Law
If ethics conflicts with law, make known commitment to ethics and try to resolve
1. General Standards
.03 Professional & Scientific Relationships
Only provide services within defined professional role
1. General Standards
.04 Boundaries of Competence
Provide services within boundaries of competence, seek training in new areas
1. General Standards
.05 Maintaining Expertise
Maintain competence in your fields of activity
1. General Standards
.06 Basis for Scientific and professional judgement
Base opinions on scientific knowledge
1. General Standards
.07 Describing the nature & results of psych services
Inform ptx beforehand about nature of services and provide results after. If can't do this, must inform ptx prior to tx
1. General Standards
.08 Human Differences
Where differences significantly affect providing treatment, seek help or refer
1. General Standards
.09 Respecting Others
Respect the rights of others
1. General Standards
.10 Nondiscrimination
Don't discriminate
1. General Standards
.11 Sexual Harassment
Don't do it. Can't discriminate against those who have either made a complaint or are the subject of a complaint
1. General Standards
.12 Other Harassment
Don't do it
1. General Standards
.13 Personal Problems and Conflicts
Recognize they can interfere with effectiveness, don't undertake activities where this will be the case, be alert to signs of problems and seek help early

If realize problem is effecting work, seek help and determine best course of action (including termination of work)
1. General Standards
.14 Avoiding Harm
Avoid harm or minimize if unavoidable
1. General Standards
.15 Misuse of Psychologists' influence
Be alert to factors which might lead to misuse of influence
1. General Standards
.16 Misuse of Psychologists' work
Don't participate in activities where misuse is likely and take actions to correct misuse if it occurs
1. General Standards
.17 Multiple Relationships
Avoid when possible, be sensitive to if can't avoid. If a multiple relationship is discovered and may cause harm, resolve with best interests of ptx in mind
1. General Standards
.18 Barter
Don't do it unless not clinically contraindicated and it is not exploitative
1. General Standards
.19 Exploitative Relationships
Don't exploit others (ptx, students etc). Don't have sexual relationships with them either
1. General Standards
.20 Consultations and Referrals
Seek consultations with best interest of ptx in mind. Cooperate with other professionals. Ensure referral practices are lawful
1. General Standards
.21 Third party requests for services
Clarify nature of relationship with each party, limits of confidentiality, clarify own responsibilities
1. General Standards
.25 Fees and Financial Arrangements
As early as possible reach agreement with ptx, don't exploit them, keep fee practices law abiding, don't misrepresent fees. If money will limit services, discuss at outset. Inform ptx if collection services may be used and give opportunity to pay
1. General Standards
.26 Accuracy in Reports to Payors & Funding Sources
State nature of service provided, fee, identity of provider, findings, diagnosis
1. General Standards
.27 Referrals and Fees
Fee must be based on services rendered, not a referral itself.
2. Eval, Asmt, Intervention
.01 Eval, Dx, Intervention in professional context
Provide these services only within context of defined relationship. Base statements/ reports on techniques which will substantiate findings
2. Eval, Asmt, Intervention
.02 Competence & Appropriate Use of Assessments and Interventions
Use techniques in manner which is appropriate and for which technique is intended. Don't misuse techniques or the results thereof. Don't release raw data to unqualified persons.
2. Eval, Asmt, Intervention
.03 Test Construction
Use scientific procedures and knowledge for test design
2. Eval, Asmt, Intervention
.04 Use of Assessment in General and with Special Populations
Be familiar with reliability, validity, etc of tests used. Recognize limits of findings as applied to an individual, and adjust as necessary for specific populations.
2. Eval, Asmt, Intervention
.05 Interpreting Assessment Results
When interpreting test results, including automated, be aware of limitations of results and indicate reservations concerning interpretations
2. Eval, Asmt, Intervention
.06 Unqualified Persons
Don't promote use of techniques by unqualified ind.
2. Eval, Asmt, Intervention
.07 Obsolete Tests and Outdated Test Results
Don't base decisions on outdated test results or on results of outdated test materials
2. Eval, Asmt, Intervention
.08 Test Scoring and Interpretation Services
If offering assmt/scoring services to others- thoroughly describe, including special qualifications to applicability. When choosing scoring services, base decision on validity of the program. Retain responsibility for use and interpretations.
2. Eval, Asmt, Intervention
.09 Explaining Assmt Results
Explanation of results is provided in clear, understandable language to ptx or legally authorized other (unless precluded from doing so and ptx was advised of this)
2. Eval, Asmt, Intervention
.10 Maintaining Test Security
Maintain test integrity and security
3. Advertising & Public Stmts
.01 Definition of Public stmts
Comply with ethics code in statements regarding services, products, or publications. Includes paid or unpaid venus
3. Advertising & Public Stmts
.02 Statement by Others
If use others to create or make public statements, retain responsibility. Prevent others from making deceptive statements about self, don't compensate for publicity in a news item. A paid advertisement must be identified as such.
3. Advertising & Public Stmts
.03 Avoidance of False or Deceptive Statement
Don't make deceptive statements regarding any work-related activity or anything having to do with your credentials, training, fees, practice, etc.

Only claim degrees which were earned from regionally accredited institution and were the basis for licensure
3. Advertising & Public Stmts
.04 Media Presentations
When giving advice via media, ensure it is based on sound practice/literature and do not suggest the existance of a relationship
4. Therapy
.04 Providing MH services to those served by others
1. Carefully consider tx issues
2. Consider ptx welfare
3. Discuss issue with ptx
4. Consult with other service provider if appropriate
5. Proceed with caution and sensitivity
5. Privacy and Confidentiality
.05 Disclosures
Disclose w/o consent when:
1. mandated by law
2. provided needed services to ptx
3. obtain consultation
4. protect ptx/other from harm
5. obtain payment (only release minimum nec)
6. Given consent by ptx
5. Privacy and Confidentiality
.06 Consultations
Share only the info needed to meet purpose of consult and do not disclose info which would lead to identification of ptx unless ptx has consented or it can not be avoided
5. Privacy and Confidentiality
.07 Confidential Info in Databases
If ptx info to be entered into a database, avoid inclusion of personal identifiers (or use code). If identifiers necessary (like for a review board) ensure they are removed for anything other than that purpose. If deletion not possible, get consent of ind.
6. Teaching, training, supervision, research & publishing
.02 Descriptions of Education/training Programs
Program content, course outlines, statements regarding evaluation, etc must be current, accurate, and not misleading. Ads for Workshops/seminars etc must accurately describe target audience, objectives, presenters, and fees
6. Teaching, training, supervision, research & publishing
.03 Accuracy and Objectivity in Teaching
Present info accurately and w/ objectivity.

Avoid engaging in bx that is demeaning to students
6. Teaching, training, supervision, research & publishing
.07 Responsibility
Conduct research competently, responsible for bx of those whom you supervise, only delegate tasks ind is trained for, consult as needed
6. Teaching, training, supervision, research & publishing
.08 Compliance with law and Standards
Research must be consistent with federal and state law and professionalstandards governing research
6. Teaching, training, supervision, research, pub
.09 Institutional Approval
Must obtain it and conduct research according to proposal
6. Teaching, training, supervision, research, pub
.10 Research Responsibilities
Enter agreement with participants which outlines everyone's responsibilities (unless anon surveys, naturalistic)
6. Teaching, training, supervision, research, pub
.11 Informed Consent
Use understandable language to obtain consent, describe nature of research, inform they are free to decline/withdraw, and explain factors which may effect willingness to participate. If participation is a course requirement, must offer other option. If not legally competent, get consent from guardian and assent from participant.
6. Teaching, training, supervision, research, pub
.12 Dispensing with informed consent
Before deciding research does not require consent (naturalistic) consider applicable review board requirements and consult as needed
6. Teaching, training, supervision, research, pub
.13 Informed Consent in filming
Obtain consent prior to filming unless naturalistic and personal identification not likely
6. Teaching, training, supervision, research, pub
.14 Offering inducements for participants
Can offer inducements, but make clear the nature of services, risks, obligations, and limitations. Can not offer excessive inducements which might coerce cooperation
6. Teaching, training, supervision, research, pub
.15 Deception
Only use deception if justified by prospective scientific, educational, or applied value and no = effective alternative is available. Can't deceive about significant aspects which might influence willingness to participate. Deception must be explained to participants as soon as possible, no later than end of research
6. Teaching, training, supervision, research, pub
.16 Sharing and Utilizing Data
Inform participants of sharing and future use of identifiable data and the possibility of unanticipated future use.
6. Teaching, training, supervision, research, pub
.17 Minimizing Invasiveness
Interfere with participants or milieu only to degree warranted by research design
6. Teaching, training, supervision, research, pub
.18 Providing Participants with info about study
Offer prompt opportunity for participants to access nature, results, conclusions of research, correct their misconceptions.
If delay in this info, reduce harm
6. Teaching, training, supervision, research, pub
.19 Honoring Commitments
Do it
6. Teaching, training, supervision, research, pub
.20 Care and Use of Animals in Research
Treat humanely, comply with state/federal law & professional standards, psychologist trained/experienced in care of animals responsible for overseeing their care, instruct others who are caring for them, minimize discomfort/pain/infection, procedures which inflict pain/discomfort only used if justified by value and no alternative exists, use appropriate anesthesia and follow-up care. If terminated, do so rapidly, minimize pain, and in accordance to accepted procedues
6. Teaching, training, supervision, research, pub
.21 Reporting the Results
Don't fabricate/falsify data/results and take reasonable steps to correct errors in publication
6. Teaching, training, supervision, research, pub
.22 Plagiarism
Don't do it
6. Teaching, training, supervision, research, pub
.23 Publication Credit
Take credit only for work actually performed/contributed to.
Principle authorship and other credits reflect relative contributions to the study. Student listed as primary author if based on thesis
6. Teaching, training, supervision, research, pub
.24 Duplicate Publication of Data
Don't reproduce data as original and give credit if re-published
6. Teaching, training, supervision, research, pub
.25 Sharing Data
Don't withhold data from others wanting to verify your results (but maintain confidentiality of participants) unless proprietary rights preclude
6. Teaching, training, supervision, research, pub
.26 Professional Reviewers
If reviewing work of others, respect confidentiality and proprietary rights of person who submitted it
7. Forensic Activities
.01 Professionalism
Comply with ethics code and practice only in areas where competent
7. Forensic Activities
.02 Forensic Assessments
Assessments, recommendations, reports must be substantiated by techniques/ info.
Only offer reports/testimony on ind you have evaluated. If this is not possible, must note limitations to opinion
7. Forensic Activities
.03 Clarification of Roles
Avoid multiple relationships if possible. If not possible, clarify expectations at outset and as needed, including confidentiality issues
7. Forensic Activities
.04 Truthfulnes and Candor
Be truthful, honey, and candid in reports/testimony, including acknowledging limits to data/conclusion
7. Forensic Activities
.05 Prior Relationships
A prior relationship does not preclude from testifying as a fact witness, but must disclose possible conflicts to relevant parties.
7. Forensic Activities
.06 Compliance with Laws and Rules
Be familiar with laws governing this role and potential conflicts with law and ethics. Make clear commitment to ethics and resolve responsibily
8. Resolving Ethical Issues
.01 Familiarity with Ethics Code
Be familiar with them. Lack of awareness/understanding not an excuse
8. Resolving Ethical Issues
.02 Confronting Ethical Issues
If uncertain about a situation, seek consultation
8. Resolving Ethical Issues
.03 Conflicts b/w Ethics and Organizational Demands
Clarify nature of conflict, make commitment to ethics known, and resolve with fullest possible adherence to ethics
8. Resolving Ethical Issues
.04 Informal Resolution of Ethical Violations
If become aware of another's unethical behavior, try to resolve informally with them first if appropriate and does not violate confidentiality
8. Resolving Ethical Issues
.05 Reporting Ethical Violations
If informal resolution not appropriate or successful, take further action as appropriate, including reporting to board
8. Resolving Ethical Issues
.06 Cooperating with Ethics Committees
Cooperate with ethics investigations, proceedings, and requirements. Failure ot cooperate is a violation
8. Resolving Ethical Issues
.07 Improper Complaints
Don't make them

Complaints are to protect the public, not harm respondent
What is the difference between a fact witness and expert witness?
A fact witness can not give an opinion

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