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US Gov. Chapter 1


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Institutions and procuders through which a land and it's people are ruled.
Form of government in which a small group of landowners, military officers or wealthy merchants control most of the governing decisions.
A System of rule that permits citizens to play a significant part in the governmental process, usually through the selection of key public officials.
Constitutional Government
A system of rule in which formal and effictive limits are placed on the powers of the government.
Autoritarian Government
A system of rule in which the government recognizes no formal limits but may nevertheless be restrained by the power of other social institutions.
Totalitarian Government
System of rule in chich the government recognizes no formal limits on it's power and seeks to absorb or eliminate other social institutions that might challenge it.
Compulsory military service, usually for a perscribed period or for the duration of a war; "the war"
Free Riding
Enjoying the benefits of some good or action and letting others bear the cost.
Public Good
A good that may be enjoyed by anyone if it is provided and that may not be denied to anyone once it has been provided.
To do something with purpose, sometimes requiring forthought and even calculation.
Collective Action
the pooling of resources and coordination of efforts and activity by a group of people to acheive common goals.
By-product Theory
The idea that groups provide members with private benefits to attract membership; the possibleity for group collective action emerges as consequence.
Selective Benefits
Benefits that do not go to everyone, but rather are distributed selectively-only to those who contribute to the group enterprise.
Rules and procedures that provide incentives for political behavior thereby shaping politics.
Agenda Powers
Control over what the gropu will consider for discussion.
Veto Power
the ability to defeat something even if it has made it on to the agenda of an institution.
Transmitting authority to some other official or body for the latter's use (though often with the right of review and revision).
Principle-agent Problems
The tension that may exist between a principle and his or her agen caused by the fact that each is motivated by self-interest, yet their interest may not be well aigned.
Transacton Costs
The cost of cflarifying each aspect of a principle-agent relationship and moitoring it to make sure arrangements are complied with.

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