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wheelock's latin chapters 1-18


undefined, object
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pronoun, me
pronoun, what
nihil,(indeclineable), n.
amo, amare, amavi, amatum
to love, like
cogito, cogitare, cogitavi, cogitum
to think, ponder, consider, plan
non, adv.
saepe, adv.
si, conj.
debeo, debere, debui, debitum
to owe; ought, must
do, dare, dedi, datum
to give, offer
erro, errare, erravi, erratum
to wander, err, go astray, be mistaken
laudo, laudare, laudavi, laudatum
to praise
moneo, monere, monui, monitum
to remind, advise, warn
salveo, salvere, -, -
to be well, be in good health; (salve and salvete, hello)
servo, servare, servavi, servatum
to preserve, keep, guard
conservo, conservare, conservavi, conservatum
stronger than servo, to preserve, conserve, maintain
terreo, terrere, terrui, territum
to frighten, terrify
valeo, valere, valui, valiturum
to be strong, have power; be well
video, videre, vidi, visum
to see, observe, understand
voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatum
to call, summon
fama, famae, f.
rumour, report; fame, reputation
forma, formae, f.
form, shape; beauty
fortuna, fortunae, f.
fortune, luck
ira, irae, f.
nauta, nautae, m.
patria, patriae, f.
fatherland, native land, (one's) country
pecunia,-ae, f.
philosophia, -ae, f.
(Greek philosophy, love of wisdom), philosophy
poena, -ae, f.
penalty, punishment; (idiom, poenas dare, to pay the penalty)
poeta, -ae, m.
porta, -ae, f.
gate, entrance
puella, -ae, f.
rosa, -ae, f.
sententia, -ae, f.
feeling, thought, opinion, vote, sentence
vita, -ae, f.
life; mode of life
antiqua, -a, -um, adj.
ancient, old-time
magna, -ae, f.
large, great, important
mea, -ae, adj.
multa, -ae, adj.
much, many
tua, -ae, adj.
your (used when speaking to one person)
et, conjunction
and;, both...and
sed, conj.
O, interjection
O!, Oh!
sine, preposition with abl.
ager, agri, m.
field, farm
agricola, -ae, m.
amica, -ae, f.
femina, -ae, f.
filius, filii, m.
numerus, numeri, m.
populus, populi , m.
the people, a people, a nation
puer, pueri, m.
boy; pl. boys, children
sapientia, -ae, f.
vir, viri, m.
man, hero
avarus (m.), avara (f.), adj.
greedy, avaricious
pauci (m.), paucae (f.), adj.
(usually in pl., ) few, a few
Romanus (m.), Romana (f.), adj.
de, prep. with abl.
down from, from; concerning, about; (also as a prefix de-)
in, prep. with abl.
in, on
hodie, adv.
semper, adv.
habeo, habere, habui, habitum
to have, hold, possess, consider, regard
satio, satiare, satiavi, satiatum
to satisfy, sate
amicus, amici, m.
filia, -ae, f.
basium, basii, n.
bellum, belli, n.
consilium, consilii, n.
plan, purpose, counsel, advice, judgement, wisdom
cura, -ae, f.
care, attention, caution, anxiety
donum, doni, n.
gift, present
exitium, exitii, n.
destruction, ruin
magister, magistri, m.
schoolmaster, teacher, master
mora, -ae, f.
nihil, (indeclinable), n.
oculus, oculi, m.
officium, officii, n.
duty, service
otium, otii, n.
liesure, peace
periculum, periculi, n.
danger, risk
remedium, remedii, n.
cure, remedy
bellus, -a, -um, adj.
pretty, handsome, charming
bonus, -a, -um, adj.
good, kind
humanus, -a, -um, adj.
pertaining to man (homo), human, humane, kind, refined, cultured
malus, -a, -um adj.
bad, wicked, evil
parvus, -a, -um adj.
small, little
stultus, -a, -um, adj.
foolish; (stultus, -i, m. a fool)
verus, -a, -um, adj.
true, real, proper
iuvo, iuvare, iuvi, iutum
to help, aid, assist, please
sum, esse, fui, futurum
to be, exist
magistra, -ae, f.
school mistress, teacher, mistress
adulescentia, -ae, f.
animus, animi, m.
soul, spirit, mind; (animi -orum high spirits, pride, courage)
caelum, caeli, n.
sky, heaven
culpa, culpae, f.
fault, blame
gloria, -ae, f.
glory, fame
verbum, verbi, n.
te, abl. and acc. sing. pron.
you, yourself
liber, libera, liberum, adj.
noster, nostra, nostrum, pron.
our, ours
pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum, adj.
beautiful, handsome, fine
sanus, sana, sanum, adj.
sound, healthy, sane
igitur, postpositive conj.
therefore, consequently
enclitic or suffix, appended to words in questions where the answer is uncertain.
propter with acc.
on account of, because of
quando, adv.
when (interrogative or relative adverb)
satis, indecl. noun and adv.
enough, sufficient (ly)
tum, adv.
then, at that time; thereupon, the the next place
ceno, cenare, cenavi, cenatum
to dine
culpo, culpare, culpavi, culpatum
To blame, censure.
maneo, manere, mansi, mansum
to remain, stay, stay behind, abide, continue
supero, superare, superavi, superatum
to be above, have the upper hand, surpass; overcome, conquer
remaneo, remanere, remansi, remansusm
to remain, stay, stay behind, abide, continue
deus, dei, m.
god (nom. pl. is di; dat and abl. pl. are dis)
discipula, -ae, f.
learner, pupil
discipulus, discipuli, m.
learner, pupil
insidiae, -arum, f.
ambush, plot (NB plural only)
liber, libri, m.
tyrannus, tyranni, m.
absolute ruler, tyrant
vitium, vitii, n.
fault, crime, vice
Graecus, -a, -um adj.
Graecus, Graeci, m.
a Greek
perpetuus, -a, -um adj.
perpetual, lastin, uninterrupted
plenus, -a, -um adj.
salvus, -a, -um adj.
safe, sound
secundus, -a, -um adj.
second; favourable
vester, vestra, vestrum, adj.
your, yours (when addressing more than one person)
-que encl. conj.
and (appended to the second of two words to be joined)
ubi, adv.
where, when
ubi conj.
where, when
ibi, adv.
quare, adv.
because of which thing, wherefore, why
possum, posse, potui, -
to be able, can, could, have power (irregular verb)
tolero, tolerare, toleravi, toleratum
to bear, endure
amor, amoris, m.
carmen, carminis, n.
song, poem
corpus, corporis, n.
homo, hominis, m.
human being, man
labor, laboris, m.
labor, work, toil; a work, production
littera, -ae, f.
a letter of the alphabet; (NB litterae-arum, pl. a letter, i.e. epistle)
mos, moris, m.
habit, custom, manner; (NB mores, morum, pl., habits, character )
nomen, nominis, n.
pax, pacis, f.
regina, -ae, f.
rex, regis, m.
terra, -ae, f.
earth, ground, land, country
tempus, temporis, n.
time; occasion, opportunity
uxor, uxoris, f.
virtus, virtutis, f.
manliness, courage, excellence, character, worth, virtue
virgo, virginis, f.
maiden, virgin
novus, -a, -um, adj.
new; strange
post, prep. with acc.
after, behind
sub, prep. with abl. or acc.
(takes abl. with verbs of rest, takes acc. with verbs of motion: ) under, up under, close to
audeo, audere, ausus sum, -
to dare
neco, necare, necavi, necatum
to murder, kill
copia, -ae, f.
abundance, supply; (copiae -arum, pl., supplies, troops, forces)
frater, fratris, m.
laus, laudis, f.
praise, glory, fame
libertas, libertatis, f.
ratio, rationis, f.
reckoning, account; reason, judgement, consideration; system; manner, method
scriptor, scriptoris, m.
writer, author
soror, sororis, f.
victoria, -ae, f.
dum, conj.
ad, prep. with acc.
to, up to, near to (in the sense of place to which)
ex or e, prep. with abl.
out of, from, from within; by reason of, on account of
numquam, adv.
tamen, adv.
nevertheless, still
ago, agere, egi, actum
to drive, lead, do, act; pass, spend (life or time); ( gratias agere with dat. to give thanks to someone)
demonstro, demonstrare, demonstravi, demonstratum
to point out, show, demonstrate
disco, discere, didici, -
to learn
doceo, docere, docui, doctum
to teach
duco, ducere, duxi, ductum
to lead; consider, regard; prolong
gero, gerere, gessi, gestum
to carry, carry on, manage, conduct, accomplish, perform
scribo, scribere, scripsi, scriptum
to write, compose
traho, trahere, traxi, tractum
to draw, drag, derive
vinco, vincere, vici, victum
to conquer, overcome
locus, loci, m.
place; passage in literature; (loca, -orum, n. places, regions)
morbus, morbi, m.
disease, sickness
studium, studii, n.
eagerness, zeal, pursuit, study
hic, haec, hoc, dem.
this; the latter; he, she, it, they
ille, illa, illud, dem.
that; the former; the famous; he, she, it, they
iste, ista, istud, dem.
that of yours, that; such; ( sometimes with contemptuous force)
alius, alia, aliud, adj.
other, another; alii...alii, some ...others
alter, altera, alterum, adj.
the other (of two), second
neuter, neutra, neutrum, adj.
not either, neither
nullus, -a, -um, adj.
not any, no, none
solus, -a, -um adj.
alone, only, the only
totus, -a, -um, adj.
whole, entire
ullus, -a, -um, adj.
unus, -a, -um, adj.
one, single, alone
uter, utra, utrum, adj.
either, which (of two)
enim, postpositive conj.
for, in fact, truely
in, prep.
with acc., into, toward; against (with abl., in)
nimis or nimium, adv.
too, too much, excessively
amicitia, -ae, f.
hora, -ae, f.
hour, time
natura, -ae, f.
via, -ae, f.
way, road, street
cupiditas, cupiditatis, f.
desire, longing, passion, cupidity, avarice
senectus, senectutis, f.
old age
timor, timoris, m.
veritas, veritatis, f.
voluptas, voluptatis, f.
beatus, -a, -um, adj.
happy, fortunate, blessed
quoniam, conj.
cum, prep. with abl.
audio, audire, audivi, auditum
to hear, listen to
capio, capere, cepi, captum
to take, capture, seize, get
dico, dicere, dixi, dictum
to say, tell, speak; name, call
facio, facere, feci, factum
to make, do, accomplish
fugio, fugere, fugi, fugitum
to flee, hurry away, avoid, shun
venio, venire, veni, ventum
to come
invenio, invenire, inveni, inventum
to come upon, find
vivo, vivere, vixi, victum
to live
caput, capitis, n.
head; leader; beginning; life; heading; chapter
consul, consulis, m.
nemo, neminis, m. or f.
no one, nobody
ego, mei, pron.
tu, tui, pron.
is, ea, id, demonst.
this, that; he, she, it
idem, eadem, idem, demonst.
the same
amicus, -a, -um, adj.
carus, -a, -um, adj.
quod, conj.
neque, nec, conj.
and not, nor; neque...neque (or, neither...nor
autem, postpositive conj.
however; moreover
bene, adv.
well, satisfactorily, quite
etiam, adv.
intellego, intellegere, intellexi, intellectum
to understand
mitto, mittere, misi, missum
to send, let go
sentio, sentire, sensi, sensum
to feel, perceive, think, experience
adulescens, adulescentis, m.
young man
annus, anni, m.
Asia, -ae, f.
mater, matris, f.
Caesar, Caesaris, m.
medicus, medici, m.
doctor, physician
medica, -ae, f.
doctor, physician
pater, patris, m.
patientia, -ae, f.
suffering, patience, endurance
principium, principii, n.
acerbus, -a, -um, adj.
harsh, bitter, grievous
senex, senis, adj.
old, aged; (also used as a noun, old man m.)
pro, prep.
(with abl.) in front of, before, on behalf of, for the sake of, in return for, instead of, for, as
senex, senis, m.
old man; (also used as adj., old, aged)
diu, adv.
for a long time

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