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Jazz Final 2


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The First Modern Jazz Style, which evolved in the early 1940's, was intended primarily for listening rather than dancing and was developed in small groups.
In the 1940's this trumpet artist, together with Charlie Parker among others, introduced radical rhythmic and harmonic changes to traditional swing that became the foundation of modern jazz.
Dizzy Gillespie
A true improvisational genius and considered the greatest of the alto saxophonists, he is the most celebrated creator of bebop. Modern jazz musicians had to find a new way to play based on the precedent he set.
Charlie Parker
This gentleman from Los Angeles is an important entrepreneur of modern jazz. he founded a long running traveling festival called Jazz at the Philharmonic and produced countless recordings consolidated under the verve label. Thus he was an important jazz
Norman Granz
Finding his voice in the Miles Davis quintet, this tenor sax players stellar harmonic concepts as displayed through his awesome technique may represent the pinnacle of tonal jazz, as heard in his composition "Giant Steps." He was dedicated whol
John Coltrane
As an important modern jazz bassist and composer his music successfully combines the elements of hard bop and the avant-garde. His many associations include drummer Max Roach and pianists Bud Powell and Thelonius Monk.
Charles Mingus
This jazz genre, pioneered by a new generation of players led by Charlie Parker and Dizzy Gillespie, represents a revolt from the confines of commercial swing and restores the evolution of jazz music.
As founder and leader of the Jazz Messengers, this artist is a powerful and emotional drummer who's bands helped define the soulful hard bop style. We see philosophy and mission embodied in many contemporary jazz players.
Art Blakey
This man, originally from Boston, is a pianist and fan of mainstream jazz. In 1954 he founded the Newport Jazz Festival.
George Wein
Perceived as smoother than bebop, this style emphasized an itellectualized and more subdued, emotionally detached, approach to modern jazz.
This jazz vocalist came up during the swing era. Her musicanship and endearing girlish charm led her to countless recording dates and appearances throughout the world over her 50 year career.
Ella Fitzgerald
This form of modern jazz brought forth in the early 1960s by Miles Davis and John Coltrane, de-emphasizes complex harmonic structure and may employ a single chord and scale.
Expanding onthe styles of Fats Waller and Earl Hines this pianist developed a style so harmonically rich and technically formidable that it both inspired and intimidates his collegues.
Art Tatum
This quintessential bebop pianist displays an improvisational style that parrallels Charlie Parkers.
Bud Powell
This genre(1955-1965) combines the musical complexities of bebop improvisation with the raw emotionalism of gospel and blues.
This singer displays a luxurious voice with great range and power. She came up during the bebop era and was hailed by the modernists.
Sarah Vaughan.
During his forty years as a driving force in jazz this trumpet player pioneered cool, hard bop, modal and fusion.
Miles Davis
Also referred to as avant-garde this genre, appearing in the mid-1960's, reflects a stream of consciousnessness that ulimately is not bound to precise melody, harmony or rhythm.
Free jazz
This important pioneer of bebop and modern jazz was partly misunderstood and critisized in his earlier years. He displays an idiosyncratic, abstract and incisive style that was a complement to his compositional ideas. among his most famous tunes are &quo
Thelonious Monk
The piano playing and compositional style of this artist exemplifies hard bop and funky with occasional employment of Latin rhythms. He has led his own quintet since 1956 and his many songs include "Come on Home" "Nica Dreams" and &qu
Horace Silver
This style, pioneered in the late 1960's and 1970's, combines jazz with rick and pop music, and employs electonic instruments.
Unlike the inimitable bands Henderson, Basie and Ellington, the likes of these bands led by Tommy Dorsey, Glenn Miller, and Artie Shaw, featured less improvised solos and more dance and show numbers conformed to the lucrative formula of mass appeal which
Commercial Swing
When this jazz genre broke onto the 40\'s scene, it was met with disapproval from many in the jazz establishment and resulted in a growing factionalism among proponents of swing, traditional jazz and the new generation of modernists.
Many of the legends in contemporary jazz, sch as tenor men John Coltrane and Wayne Shorter, Composer Gil Evans, Drummer Tony Williams, bassist Ron Carter, Guitarist George Benson and pianist Herbie Hancock, launcehd their careers through their association
Miles Davis
This 1940\'s jazz genre, which re-highlights the importance of improvisation, emphasizes complicated rhythms, high-speed melodies, complex harmonies and requires great virtuosity from its practitioners
1953 Influentials
Jazz Massey Hall: Dizzy Gillespie - trumpet, Charles Mingus- Bass, Charlie Parker - alto sax, Bud Powell- Piano, and Max Roach- Drums

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