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Music History I Final Exam


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(1450-1600) rebirth of ancient greek and Roman culture. Term applied to visual arts.
Humanism (Characteristic of Renaissance)
A cultural and intellectual movement of the Renaissance that emphasized secular concerns as a result of the rediscovery and study of the literature, art, and civilization of ancient Greece and Rome.
Mixture of greek paganism and christian belief. (Characteristic of Renaissance)
sistine chapel with biblical and secular figures
Rise of great artists (Characteristic of Renaissance)
da vinci, michelangelo, raphael, titian
Pride in new contrapuntal technique (Zarlino)
control of consonance and dissonance
aeolian/hypoaeolian and ionian/hypoionian and a push towards major and minor
just intonation
new method of tuning (offered perfect and imperfect consonance) to achieve a sweeter sound
First music print
Plain chant in 1473
Moveable type
Ottaviano Petrucci
Triple impression
process of printing sheet music. Staff, Words, Notes
Complicated music led for necessity of?
(Hundred songs) earliest printed collection of polyphonic music
Johannes Ockeghem
Sang in cathedral of antwerp, "Premier Chapelain" for King charles I of france, Teacher composer and singer. "Missa de plus en plus"
Renaissance compositional devices (Mass names)
Modes (missa quinti toni), Opening notes (Missa mi-mi), Structural composition feature (missa prolationum), sung in any mode (Missa cuiusvis toni)
Renaissance compositional devices (Canon)
retrograde or cancrizans-original melody backwars, mensuration canon-same melody(different rates and speeds), double canon-two types simulataneously, puzzle canon-melody w/ no directions
composition in which the voices enter successively at determined pitch and time intervals all performing the same melody.
Students of Okhegem
Obrecht, Heinrich Isaac, and Josquin de Pres
Josquin de Pres
Born: France, Most famous of his time "On par with michelangelo"
works of Josquin
formes fixes, adieu mes amours, missa l'homme arme
Adrian Willaert
16th cent. franco flemish composer, teacher and maestro di cappella at St. Mark's Basilica in Venice.
16th centure franco-flemish composers qualities
text determined music, bass foundation, aimed for full triadic form, favored duple, borrowing melodies standard, trying to appeal to a wider audience.
simple italian secular song which is essentially ina chordal style with 3 or 4 parts with the upper part standing out as the melody.
through composed
music without internal repetition especially with respect to the setting of a poem that might imply the repetition of music for different words.
Petrarchan madrigal
first lines offer conflict and final lines offer resolution.
Nicola Vicentino, keyboard type intrument that could play 1/4 tones and microtonal progressions
shorter values for notes
Parody mass
mass which uses polyphonic model from another work and changes to words.
Parody mass by Josquin de Pres
Missa pange lingua
Sogetto dalle vocali
carving out the name, or vowel, uses vowel to form syllable. Ex Toe = do
Carlo Gesualdo
murdered his wife and children. Io parte
text painting
compositional technique of having the music sounds reinforce the words being sung.
France "Parisian Chanson"
light, fast, homophonic strongly rythmic song for 4 voices, syllabic in a 4 meter
Spain Villancico
equivelant of the italian frottola.
Triumphes of Oriana
Thomas Morely, set of madrigals dedicated to the queen elizabeth
english lute song
like a hymn, strophic setting of english poetry for solo voice and lute accompanyment
Sytagma Musicum
Michael Praetorius, music treatise which contains detailed woodcuts and illustrations and descriptions of instruments from renaissance.
types of instruments
winds: shawms, krummboro, transverse flute, cornette, trumpets, sackbutts:::Bowed strings: viols, viola da gamba, viola de braccio::::Keyboard: organ, clavichord, harpsichord
consort or chest
unified timbre of instruments from bass to soprano
Types of renaissance instrumental works
In nomine- borrowed melody, canzona- instrumental chanson, Sonata- sacred chanson, keyboard compositions- preludes, preambulum, fantasia, ricercare, Toccata-introductory keyboard piece with improvisation
Renaissance instrumental compostitional devices
use of f and p, and designation of specific instruments.
english virganilist
english type harpsichord
Fitzwilliam virginal book
written for queen elizabeth and featured works by bull, byrd, and gibbons
lutheran chorale
strophic congregational hymn
composer takes a secular song and re-adapts it with new text into a chorale
The psalter
book of psalms translated into the vernacular frequently in rymed version and provided music in congregational singing.
John dowland madrigal
flow my tears
Full anthem
contrapuntal unaccompanied work for choir in english
Counter reformation
catholic change up
council of trent
working out problems mentioned by luther
catholic music reforms
all but 4 tropes abolished, plainchent preffered music, emphasized clarity of words, no complicated music, musicians to be good
heard the poe was going to abolish polyphiny so he wrote the pope marcellus mass to change his mind. worked in rome his entire life.
Thomas Luis de Victoria
adventuresome harmonic progressions and passionate music.
Orlando di Lasso
choirboy in mons worked for italian noble families, worked in court for dukle albrecht

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