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Chapter 10 History


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Group of people selected by the state legislatures to represent the popular vote in federal presidential elections
The Electoral College
An action or decision about a government policy that later serves as an example.
Legislation passed in 1789 by Congress that created a federal court system.
Judiciary Act
The amount of money owed by the US to various creditors.
National Debt
Certificates that represent money the government has borrowed from private citizens.
Investors who buy items at low prices in the hope that the value will rise later.
A duty, or tax, on imported goods to raise the prices of foreign products in order to protect domestic products.
Protective Tariff
Way of interpreting the Constitution that allows the federal government to only take actions the Constitution specifically says it can take.
Strict Construction
Way of interpreting the Constitution that allows the federal government to take actions that the Constitution does not specifically forbid it from taking.
Loose Construction
Chartered by Congress in 1791 to provide security for the US economy.
Bank of the United States
Rebellion in which the people of France overthrew the French monarchy and replaced it with a republican government.
The French Revolution
Statement mady by Pres. George Washington that the US would not side with any any of the nations at war in Europe.
Neutrality Proclamation
Ships owned by citizens that were authorized by a nation, to attack its enemies.
American treaty with Britain in 1794, in which Britain agreed to pay for damages to US ships, abandon forts, and allow free trade if the US agreed to pay the debt owed to British merchants before the Revolutionary War.
Jay's Treaty
Right to transfer goods at a destination (port of New Orleans), without habing to pay fees for the cargo.
right of deposit
Treaty made in 1795, in which Spain agreed to change the Florida border, to reopen the port at New Orleans to US shipping, and to provide right of deposit.
Pinckney's Treaty
Battle between US tropps and an American Indian confederation that ended Indian efforts to halt white settlement in the Northwest Territory.
Battle of Fallen Timbers
Agreement between Indian confederation leaders and US government that gave the US Indian lands in the southeastern part of the NW terriotory and guaranteed that US citizens could safely travel through the region
Treaty of Greenville 1795
Protest of small farmers in Pennsylvannia against new taxes on whiskey and other alcohol.
Whiskey Rebellion
Groups that organize to help elect government officials and to influence government policies.
political parties
Political party created in the 1790's and influenced by Alexander Hamilton that wanted to strengthen the federal government and promote industry and trade.
Federalist Party
Political party founded by Jefferson and Madison, who wanted to preserve the power of the state government and promote agriculture.
Democratic-Republican Party
Incident in which French agents attempted to get a bribe and loans from US diplomats in exchange for an agreement that American ships would not be attacked.
XYZ Affair
Laws passed by the Federalist Congress aimed a protecting the government from treasonous ideas and actions.
1798 Alien and Sedition ACts
Republican documents that argued that the Alien and Sedition ACts were unconstitutional.
Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions
Constitutional amendment that created a separate ballot for president and vice-president.
Twelfth Amendment
Miami Indian Chief who defeated the US forces in the Northwest Territory.
Little Turtle
General assigned by Washington, to take over the army after the US defeat. Wins the Battle of Fallen Timbers.
Anthony Wayne
Chief Justice sent to London to ngeotiate a peaceful resolution between Britain and the US.
John Jay
Representative from France who tried to get Americans to support the French Revolution.
Edmond Genet

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