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Chemistry Vocabulary for Test


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What is Soluble
Capable of being dissolved
What is a Solution
Homogenous mixture of 2 or more substances in a single phase
What is Solvent
dissolving medium in a solution
What is solute
substance dissolved in a solution
What is Suspension
Particles in solvent are large that they settle out unless mixture is stirred or agitated
What is Colloids
Particles intermediate in size between those solutions and suspensions
What is an Electrolyte
substance that dissolves in waterto give a solution that conducts electric current
What is an Nonelectrolyte
substance that dissolves in water to give to give a solution that does conduct an electric current
Solution Equilibrium
the physical state in which the opposing processes of dissolution and crystallization of a solute occur at equal rates
saturated solution
solution that contains maximum amount of dissolved solute
unsaturated solution
solution that contains less solute than a saturated solution under conditions
supersaturated solution
solution that contains more dissolved solute than a saturated solution contains
the amount of that substance required to form a saturated solution with a specific amount of solvent at a specfic temp.
solution process with water as the solvent
liquid solutes and solvents that are not soluble in each other
liquids that dissolve freely in one another in any proportion
Henry's law
The solubility of a gas in a liquidis directly proportional to the partial pressureof that gason the surface of the liquid
the rapid escape of a gas from a liquid in which it is dissolved
solute particle that is surrounded by solvent molecules
heat of solution
net amount of heat energy absorbed or released when a specfic amount of solute dissolves in a solvent
the measure of the amount of solute in a given amount of solvent or solution
# of moles of solute in 1 liter of solution
the concentration of a solution expressedin moles of solute per kilogram of solvent
homo- cannot be seen hetero- can be seen
Examples-- homo-tea kool aid
Hetero-cookie milk river water
Tyndall Effect
Where you shine light through a solution if light scatters it is a colloid

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