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Anatomy Diseases


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1. 1st degree burns
lease sever burn, only epidermis is damaged, becomes red and swollen, most sunburns
2. 2nd degree burns
injurs epidermis and upper dermis, red and painful, blisters
3. 3rd degree burns
destroys all dermis and epidermis, called full thickness burns, appear grey or black, usually not to painful because all nerves are dead
4. acne
inflamatory disease of the skin;infection of the sebaceous glands
5. Alzheimer’s
degenerative disease when the neurons calcify, the brain shrinks, loss of memory
6. Aphasia
effects of a stroke, ex. Motor=can’t speak, sensory=can’t understand a language
7. Arthritis
inflamation of the joints
8. Athlete’s foot
fungal skin infection on the foot
9. Basal cell carcinoa
most common type of skin cancer, least dangerous, epidermis cannot produce keratin
10. Blackhead
plug of keratin and sebum within a hair follicle that is blackened at the surface
11. Blushing
red in the face
12. Boils
inflamation of hair follicles and sebaceous glands, caused by bacteria
13. Bruises
injury to tissue or bone without breaking the skin, broken blood vessel
14. Bursitis
Inflammation of a bursa, especially in the shoulder, elbow, or knee joint
15. Cataracts
hardening or thickening of the lens or cornea
16. Cerebral edema
swelling of the brain
17. Cerebral palsy
brain damage
18. Cold sores
fluid filled blisters, caused by herpes virus
19. Colorblindness
lack of one or more cone types
20. Concussion
slight temporary brain injury
21. Conduction deafness
something interfears with the message to the cochlea, mechanical problem
22. Contact dermatitis
allergic response to chemcicals, ex. Poinson ivy
23. Contusion
tissue distruction of the brain
24. Encephalitis
inflammation of the brain
25. Glaucoma
high pressure in the eye, due to humors not draining properly
26. Gout
uric-acid is in the blood and gets in joints (type of arthritis)
27. Huntington’s disease
affects the basil nuclei, can’t control muscles
28. Hydrocephalus
something stops cerebrall fluid to drain, causes babies heads to swell, adults brain is squished
29. Impetigo
pink water filled lesians, caused by bacteria
30. Jaundice
an accumulation of bile pigments in the blood producing a yellow color of the skin
31. Kyphosis
hump on back, common in older women
32. Lordosis
extreme curvature in lumbar vertebra, common in pregnant women
33. Malignant
life threatening; pertains to neoplasma that spread and lead to death, such as cancer
34. Melanoma
dark pigmented, usually cancer through the form of a mole
35. Meningitis
inflamation of the meninges of the brain or spinal cord
36. Multiple sclerosis
a chronic condition characterized by destruction of the myeline sheaths of neurons in the spinal cord and the brain
37. Muscular dystrophy
a progressive disorder marked by atrophy and stiffness of the muscles
38. Myasthenia gravis
disease characterized by progressive fatigue and generalized weakness of the skeletal muscles, especially those of the face, neck, arms, and legs, caused by impaired transmission of nerve impulses following an autoimmune attack on acetylcholine receptors
39. Night blindness
can’t see at night or in the dark because of lack of rods
40. Osteoarthritis
form of arthritis, occurring mainly in older persons, that is characterized by chronic degeneration of the cartilage of the joints
41. Osteoporosis
an increased softening of the bone resulting from a gradual decrease in rate of bone formation; a common condition in older people
42. Pallor
unnatural paleness
43. Parkinson’s disease
affects basil nuclei, difficulty of moving muscles, wrong message is sent or no message at all
44. Pink eye
45. Psoriasis
red, dry, silvery, scales, unknown cause
46. Rheumatoid arthritis
chronic disease marked by stiffness and inflammation of the joints, weakness, loss of mobility, and deformity
47. Rickets
childhood disease, bones fail to calcify
48. Scoliosis
spinal cord is not straight, it goes to the side
49. Sensorineural deafness
cochlea is damaged, nervous system problem
50. Spina bifida
spinal cord is not protected by the vertebrate
51. Squamous cell carcinoma
most common type of skin cancer
52. Stroke
blood circulation to brain is cut off
53. Transient ischemic attack
blockage of blood supply to brain due to a blood clot
54. Whitehead
tiny epidermal cystlike mass with a narrow or obstructed opening on the skin surface, which may rupture, caused by the retention of secretions of a sebaceous gland

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