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history of architecture vocabulary


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Early Christian Style
The architectural period following the official recognition of the Christian Church by the Roman government.
Normanesque or Roman Style
The Medieval architecture based on Roman design.
Gothic Style
A period and Style in Western Europe characterized by pointed arches and steep roofs.
An underground vault, especially in a church, often used for burial.
Latin Cross
The Western Christian Cross with a tail longer than the top and arms.
Floor plan in the form or shape of a cross.
The main section of the church, where the worshippers stand or sit.
The part of a cross-shaped church that extends at right angles to the nave. (The arms of the cross.)
The area of a cross-shaped church, where the nave and transept cross.
choir or quire
The section of the church where the choir sings.
A semi-circular or polygonal projection of a church.
A passageway separated by an arcade, running parallel to the nave of a church
A row of arches and supporting columns.
A place for walking; the aisle in a cathedral
The area between columns, piers, or buttresses
Same as a column but without its details and proportions
A projecting band on a ceiling or vault.
An angle-shaped support.
A celing constructed on the principle of an arch. An arched roof.
A projecting ornament at the intersection of ribs in the Medieval church.
A gallery above the arches of the arcade in the nave of a church.
clerestory window
Window placed at the top of the wall or in the highest story of the nave or choir of a church.
A vertical dividing piece in an opening, especially a window.
A narrow, pointed arch window.
A term used to describe the lacelike ornamentation in stone or woodwork of Gothic design, often seen in windows.
stained glass
Colored and clear glass set into patterns and hung in front of windows or used as the window glazing itself sandwiched between plain glass.
The lead strips used to secure the pieces of glass in leaded or stained glass windows.
A structure built against a wall to strengthen it.
flying buttress
An inclined brace that spans from the wall to a supporting abutment and receives the outward thrust of the wall.
leaded glass
Glass windows made of small pieces held together with lead caming to form a pattern.
casement window
A side-hinged window that swings in or out.
a frame of heavy timbers used as the structure system for a building.
Materials used to fill the space between the timber frame of a building.
Brickwork used as infill between timber framing.
slate roof
A roof covered with thin sheets of stone, used like shingles.
The Gothic style grew out of the Romanesque (called Norman in England),
It first appeared in France before the middle of the twelfth century, reached its height in thirteenth-century France and England, and endured to the beginning of the fifteenth century in central Italy and even later in Spain and northern Europe.
In a Gothic church, the ambulatory is:
the aisle that runs in an arc around the apse.
A medieval residential roof material made of bundles of reeds is:
Casement windows open
outward with a hinge mechanism and are typical of seventeeth century houses.
casement windows
open outward - typical of 17th century houses.

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