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ABeka History 11 - Chapter 1 - Bold Words


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Iroquois League of Five Nations
an alliance formed by five Iroquois tribes -- the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Seneca, and Cayuga -- for mutual defense in the 1400s.
(7) feudalism
a system in which all aspects of life centered on the ownership and use of land.
(8) crusades
efforts of European kings and noblemen to drive the Muslims from the Holy Land and reclaim it for Christendom between A.D. 1000 and A.D. 1300.
(8) Reconquista
effort of Catholics of the Iberian Peninsula to drive the Moors from the region of Granada in southern Spain.
(8) middle class
merchants, traders, craftsmen, and men of other professions who were neither extremely rich nor extremely poor.
(9) Renaissance
revival of learning or "rebirt" that occurred in Europe between about 1300 and 1600.
(9) Protestant Reformation
revival of Biblical Christianity which began in Europe in 1517.
(13) Line of Demarcation
an imaginary line drawn by the pope in 1493 to end the rivalry between Spain and Portugal over lands in the New World.
(13) conquistadors
Spanish conquerors
(15) El Camino Real
called "The King's Highway"; the oldest road in the United States, first traveled in 1581; runs between Santa Fe, New Mexico, and Chihuahua, Mexico
(16) Counter-Reformation
effort of the Roman chruch to crush Portestantism and to bring back as many souls as possible into the Catholic fold.
(16) "Invincible Armada"
a Spanish fleet of 130 ships and 30,000 men sent against England in 1588; destroyed in the English Channel
(18) Northwest Passage
a supposed water route through North America to the Pacific
(18) voyageurs
French traders

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