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American Government Final


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Democratic Party
-Antifederalists - Jefferson and Madison
-with New Deal, formed a coaliton of working class, urban, catholic, poor
statements of principles adopted by a political party at its national convention.
third party
political party that challenges the two major parties in an election.
where the national government is created and relies on the state governments for authority.
Republican Party
-upperclass, white collar
-they were antislavery
-Abraham Lincoln started the party
direct democracy
a democracy in which all the people vote on all issues.
checks and balances
giving each branch of the gov't certain checks over the actions of the other branches.
separation of powers
constitutional division of powers among the three branches of government.
majority rule
this means that all persons have an equal say in decisions affecting them.
Reform Party
the party that Ross Perot formed. It was an independent "United We Stand organization.
powers are divided between the national and state governments.
election by more than 50% of all the votes cast in the contest.
Green Party
this is a single issue party that has its primary emphasis on environmental protection.
general election
elections to choose among the candidates nominated by parties.
a strong and independent national government with the power to govern directly, rather than through the states.
election by at least one vote more than any other candidate in the race.
representative democracy
a democracy in which the people vote for the representatives and they vote on the issues.
unitary system
the authority rests with the national gov't and the the lower governments have their powers given to them by the national government.
total preemption
federal gov't assumption of all the regulatory powers in a particular field.
reserved powers
powers not belonging to the national gov't but are also not denied to the states.
enumerated powers
powers specifically mentioned in the Constitution as belonging to the national gov't.
concurrent powers
powers that the national and state governments both exercise.
implied powers
powers not specifically mentioned in the Constitution as belonging to the Congress, it is just assumed that they have them.
Magna Carta
a document guaranteeing feudal rights to the English lords and kings and set the precedent of a limited gov't and monarchy.
gov't by the representatives of the people rather than by the people directly.
primary election
elections to choose party nominees for public office.
-the legal structure of the political system
-general written document
-people are as a whole
-more than 1 person
-work together
-mediate and compromise on solutions
the conflict theory:
-controlled by an upperclass group
-impose their ideas on others
-keep the lower class in their place
oppress the thoughts of the lower class
Bill of Rights
written guarantees of basic individual liberties; the first 10 amendments to the Constitution.
partial preemption
federal gov'ts assumption of some regulatory powers in a particular field. State law if on the same subject as the federal gov't is fine as long as it does not conflict.
Articles of Confederation
the government was a confederation meaning that they had to rely on the states for authority, they could not tax either.

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