This site is 100% ad supported. Please add an exception to adblock for this site.

World Cultures: "The Concept of Culture"

Terms

undefined, object
copy deck
Norms
Social rules in a society
Informal Education
The things you learn when no one is trying to teach you something
Mores
More significant than folkways, when you violate these rules, society punishes you collectively
Command
Telling you what to do, no decisions, no choices, quick, not a lot of change. They can progress very fast if it is run well
Patriarchal
Male leader
Literate
the ability to read and write up to the norms of one's society
Jingoism
So loyal to your own country/culture that you are mean or aggressiveness to others (extreme chauvinism or nationalism)
Status
one's position in his/her society, birth/rank/age are often higher status
Traditional Economy
Automatic-- no big changes, people can't make own descisions
Matriarchal
Female leader, over extended family usually (grandmother can make more choices than parents)
Endogamy
marry someone inside the group (religion)
Exogamy
marry outside--someone outside the group
Biological ingeritence
Physical characteristics (skin, eye, hair color) passed from parents to offspring
deity
God (monotheisms believes in one deity)
Primogeniture
It usually means the 1st born male gets all the stuff (wealth, estate, office)
Agrarian
A society who's lifestyle is based on growing stuff
Dowry
amount of wealth associated with a female
Kinship
If you have a patrilineal family, the relationship is through the father's side, or matralineal--the mother's side. bilineal--both.
polygamy
multi spouse, marriage
Monotheism
belief in one God
Demography
(demos>people-greek) The study of characteristics of human populations (size, growth, density, distribution, vital statistics, etc.)
Material Culture
all things that people past and present have invented, discovered, created, or adapted to help fulfill needs
Polytheism
belief in more than one God
monogamy
single spouse marriage
Nonliterate
a society with no reading or writing system
Totemism
those rights and rituals associated with one's clan lineage
Market
Produces lots of stuff, choices, you can do what you want to, a lot more poverty -- competitive economy, wasteful (knocking down buildings)
Chauvinism
uncritical devotion to something, blind loyalty to your culture "my country: right or wrong"
Pastoral
A society who's lifestyle is based of herding
Liguistics
the study of language (structure, variation, etc.)
Cultural Heritage
Learned behaviors (culture) that are handed down through ones society
Illiterate
when you cannot read/write up to the norm of society
Bridewealth
comes from the groom or groom's family and goes usually to the family of the bride (usually find this in societies where the women do a lot of labor, and the women move into the husband's household)
Enculturation
the process of learning your culture
Racism
The belief that one race is superior to another and thereby the right to dominance
Xenophobia
Fear of foreigners & their influence, so centered on own society (don't want them polluting their society) example: china didn't want europeans polluting their society
Culturation
learning the behavior of society other than you own, take on characteristics from another society
polygyny
man with more than one wife--most common in world
animism
beliefs in spiritual world...rocks & trees have personality, they pray to them, believes in skinwalkers. examples: American Indians, spirits, spiritual world
Nuclear Family system
parents, children under one household
polyandry
woman with more than one husband
Folkways
Common rules of everyday behavior. Example: greeting people, sense of space
Clan
A group of people who trace their lineage to a common ancestor--however this ancestry is shrouded in myth.
Ethnocentrism
judging other societies by the standards of your own society, the belief that one's own group & culture is superior to all others, judging other societies by the standards of your own--this is a universal social phenomenon, as knowledge increases, ethnocentrism decreases an example: female infanticide
Nomadic
A lifestyle where people move around a lot

Deck Info

45

permalink