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Terms

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Anaesthesias
A form of conversion disorder in which the person experiences a loss of sensation or an impairment of sensation.
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD)
A disorder categorized in the DSM-5 manual under obsessive-compulsive and related disorders. It is marked by preoccupation with an imagined or exaggerated defect in appearance; for example. facial wrinkles or excess facial or body hair.
Conversion disorder
A somatoform disorder in which sensory or muscular functions are impaired, usually suggesting neurological disease, even though the bodily organs themselves are sound; anasthesias and paralyses of limbs are examples. To be distinguished from malingering. in which actual impairment does not exist.
Depersonalization/Derealization disorder
A dissociative disorder in which the individual feels unreal and estranged from the self and surrounding enough to disrupt functioning. People with this disorder may feel that their extremities have changed in size or that they are watching themselves from a distance.
Derealization
Loss of the sense that the surroundings are real; present in several psychological disorders, such as panic disorder, depersonalization disorder and schizophrenia.
Dissociative amnesia
A dissociative disorder in which the person suddenly becomes unable to recall important personal information to an extent that cannot be explained by ordinary forgetfulness.
Dissociative disorders
Disorders in which the normal integration of consciousness, memory or identity is suddenly and temporarily altered; dissociative amnesia, dissociative fugue, dissociative identity disorder (multiple personality), and depersonalization disorder are example.
Dissociative fugue
A disorder in which the person experiences total amnesia, then moves and establishes a new identity.
Dissociative identity disorder (DID)
A rare dissociative disorder in which two or more fairly distinct and separate personalities are present within the same individual, each with his or her own memories, relationships and behaviour patterns with only one of them dominant at any given time. Formerly called multiple personality disorder.
Factitious disorder
A disorder in which the individual's physical or psychological symptoms appear under voluntary control and are adopted merely to assume the role of a sick person. The disorder can also involve a parent producing a disorder in a child and is then called "factitious disorder by proxy" or "Munchausen syndrome by proxy"
Hypochondriasis
A somatoform disorder in which the person, misinterpreting rather ordinary physical sensations, is preoccupied with fears of having a serious disease and is not dissuaded by medical opinion. Difficult to distinguish from somatization disorder.
Hysteria
A disorder known to the ancient Greeks in which a physical incapacity - a paralysis, an anaesthesia, or an analgesia - is not due to a physiological dysfunction; for example, glove anaesthesia. It is an older term for "conversion disorder." In the late 19th century, dissociative disorders were identified as such and considered hysterical states.
Illness anxiety disorder
The term given in DSM-5 to refer to hypochondriasis and the tendency to worry obsessively about illness despite the apparent objective presence of a physical illness.
La belle indifference
The blasé attitude people with conversion disorder have toward their symptoms.
Malingering
Faking a physical or psychological incapacity in order to avoid a responsibility or gain an end; the goal is readily recognized from the individual's circumstances. To be distinguished from conversion disorder, in which the incapacity is assumed to be beyond voluntary control.
Pain disorder
A somatoform disorder in which the person complains of severe and prolonged pain that is not explainable by organix pathology; it tends to be stress-related or permits the client to avoid an aversive activity or to gain attention and sympathy.
Somatic symptom disorders
A newly described diagnosis in DSM-5 devised to apply to disorders that have been removed from the latest version (i.e. somatization disorder, hypochondriasis, pain disorder)). A central theme is experiencing somatic symptoms that cause significant distress or impairment and that involve excessive thoughts, feelings, and behaviours in response to these symptoms.
Somatization disorder
A somatoform disorder in which the person continually seeks medical help for recurrent and multiple physical symptoms that have no discoverable physical symptoms that have no discoverable physical cause. The medical history is complicated and dramatically presented. Difficult to distinguish from hypochondriasis.

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