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Awareness training
A component of the habit reversal procedure in which the person is taught to identify each instance of a particular habit behavior as it occurs.
Competing response
An alternative behaviour that occurs in place of another target behavior. Typically, the competing response is physically incompatible with the target behaviour, so its occurrence competes with the occurrence of the target behaviour.
Competing response training
A component of the habit reversal procedure in which the client is taught to engage in a competing response contingent on the occurrence of the habit behaviour or contingent on the urge to engage in the habit behaviour.
Diaphragmatic breathing
A type of relaxation exercise in which one engages in slow, rhythmic breathing, using the diaphragm muscle to pull air deep into the lungs.
Habit behaviour
A repetitive behaviour in one of three categories: nervous habits, tics, and stuttering.
-Habit disorder
A repetitive behaviour that is distressing to the person. Habit disorders include nervous habits, motor and vocal tics, and stuttering.
Habit reversal
A procedure for treating habit disorders. Its component procedures include awareness training, competing response training, social support, generalization strategies, and motivational strategies. Research has shown that awareness training and competing response training are the most crucial components for treatment effectiveness.
Motivation strategy
Part of the habit reversal procedure used to increase the likelihood that the client will use the competing response outside the treatment sessions to control the habit.
Motor tics
Repetitive, jerking movements of a particular muscle group in the body.
Nervous habit
Repetitive, manipulative behaviours that that are most likely to occur when a person experiences heightened tension. Nervous habits do not typically serve any social function for the individual.
Regulated breathing
The competing response that is used in the habit reversal treatment for stuttering.
A speech disfluency in which the individual repeats words or syllables, prolongs a word sound, and/or blocks on a word (makes no sound for a period of time when trying to say a word)
Tourette’s disorder
A tic disorder involving multiple motor and vocal tics that have occurred for at least 1 year
Vocal tic
A repetitive vocal sound or word uttered by an individual that does not serve any communicative function.

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