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Concentric zone
- Follows The Burgess Model of a typical industrial city

- It had 5 levels:
A (Main, lowest economic standing)
B (Factories, industry, production, transitional area of residence)
C (Low class residential)
D(Medium class residential)
E(High class residential, highest economic standing)

- A is the most internal and E is the most external.

Time Space Compression
- David Harvey coined the term “time–space compression” in his book "the condition of postmodernity" to refer to the way the acceleration of economic activities leads to the destruction of spatial barriers and distances.

- Massey says we need to recognize ourselves as social beings

- For example how a computer on wall street can transfer information to another computer in another part of the world and make money in seconds

- A very large and highly dense population site connecting people and enterprises in different cities and towns.
Urban fragmentation
- The process of metropolitan areas being split up

- 2 areas exist together in a larger area which has social differences and wants to separate due to those differences

- Examples include being less wealthy and thus not being able to provide the same level of services

- The movement of industrial enterprises out of older metropolitan areas during the period after World War II.

- Manufacturing had provided the economic foundation of many of these sites, cities that grew up during the industrial age; and, as industry disappeared, so the city itself became diminished.

- This resulted in the emergence of businesses in the sunbelt region or the south, west and south west united states and a lot of people moving there.

Post industrial/Postmodern metropolis
- A postindustrial city characterized by social fragmentation.

- An example is Los Angeles

- Characterized by affluent people, disparities of wealth differences in race and religion.

- Vast system of highways which causes sprawl, more people to live in the suburbs and longer commutes for more pollution.

- Differences in social disparities and inequalities

- Police state (i.e. riots and racial profiling such as the rodney king incident in the readings)

- Suburbs are LDR, on the urban periphery, contain middle and upper middle class social homogeneity, they sprawl and are economically dependent on cities and they are exclusively residential like a bedroom community.

- Different types of suburbs are the technoburb and edge city, the auto-dependent suburb and the streetcar suburb

- In the clip we saw in class from the show weeds demonstrates suburbs as uniformity, happy and safe, affluent people, boring and everyone has the same things houses cars. But there is more to these places than people give them credit for.

Ato-dependent suburb
- Invention of the automobile most important factor for expansion of suburbs

- Emphasis on highways and contain borders with no centers

- Gridiron vs Cul-de-sacs

Cul-de-sacs are a big feature of the auto-dependent suburb.

- People driving will go through circles to get somewhere instead of in a straight line.

- This feature destroys community, creates useless space and longer travel times. Gridiron layouts allow for multi-use neighbourhoods.

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