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Chapter 17 AP PSYCHOLOGY Vocab


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Active Listening
Empathetic listening in which the listener echoes, restates and clarifies. A feature of Rogers\' client-centered therapy.
Aversive Conditioning
A type of counter-conditioning that associates an unpleasant state (such as nausea) with an unwanted behavior (such as drinking alcohol)
Behavior Therapy
therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors.
Client-centered Therapy
a humanistic therapy, developed by Carl Rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening with a genuine, accepting, empathetic environment to facilitate clients\' growth.
Cognitive Therapy
therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions.
Counter conditioning
a behavior therapy procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors; based on classical conditioning.
Eclectic Approach
An approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client\'s problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy.
Electroconvulsive Therapy
a bio-medical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient.
Exposure Therapies
Behavior techniques, such as systematic desensitization, that treats anxieties by exposing people to the thing they fear and avoid.
Cognitive-Behavior Therapy
A popular integrated therapy that combines cognitive therapy with behavior therapy.
Family Therapy
Therapy that treats the family as a system. Views an individual\'s unwanted behaviors as influenced by or directed at other family members. As influenced by or directed at other family members; attempts to guide family towards positive relationships and improved communication.
In psychoanalysis, the analyst\'s noting supposed dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight.
A now-rare psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients. The procedure cut the nerves that connect the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain.
a procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies.
Sigmund Freud\'s therapeutic technique. Freud believed that the patient\'s free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferences-and the therapists interpretation of them-released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight.
surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior.
an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suffers from psychological difficulties.
Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (RTMS)
the application of repeated impulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity.
in psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material.
Systematic Desensitization
A type of counterconditioning that associates a pleasant and relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli.
Tardive Dyskinesia
involuntary movement of the facial muscles, tongue, and limbs; a possible neurotoxic side effect of long-term use of antipsychotic drugs that target D2 dopamine receptors.
Token Economy
An operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats.
in psychoanalysis, the patient\'s transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships (such as love or hatred for a parent).
Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy
an anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to simulations of their greatest fears, such as airplane flying, spiders, or public speaking.

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