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Ch. 15- the social and emotional brain


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"action schemas". states/processes that prepare the organism for certain behaviors
sitches in which a particular emotion occurs frequently or continuously
Ekman concluded six types of emo.
sad, happy, disgust, anger, fear, and surprise
papez circuit
a limbic-based circuit that was once thought to constitute a largely undifferentiated "emotional" brain
extended idea of the papez circuit. incorporated regions such as the amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex
kluver-bucy syndrome
in monkeys after bilateral amygdala and temporal lesions, an unusual tameness and emo. blunting, a tendency to examine objects with the mouth and dietary changes
a region of cortex buried beneath the temp. lobes; involved in body perception and contains the primary gustatory cortex (PGC); responds to disgust
social referencing
the emotional response of another person may lead to avoidance or interaction with a previously neutral stimulus
skin conductance response (SCR)
changes in electrical conductivity on a person's skin, triggered by certain stimuli (emotional or familiar stimuli)
james-lange theory
the self perception of bodily changes produces emotional experience EX: we are sad bc we cry
somatic markers
links bet. previous situations stored throughout the cortex and the "feeling" of those situations stored in the regions of the brain dedicated to emotion and the rep of the body

aka the decisions about current situations are taken on the basis of the retrieval of previously acquired knowl. about similar situations

where are the somatic markers assumed to be stored?
ventromedial frontal cortex
reversal learning
the ability to stop responding to a previously rewarded stimulus that is no longer rewarded
capgras syndrome
ppl report that their family members, friends have been replaced by body doubles. they cant recognize them.
SCR and capgras
ppl with capgras have abnormal SCR
mirror systems
neural resources that disregard the distinction bet. self and other
a belief that differs from ones own belief and that differs from the true state of the world
the presence of markedly abnormal or impaired development in social interaction and communication and a markedly restricted repertiore of activites and interests
asperger syndrome
autism with no significant delay in early language and cog. dev.
turner's synd.
a genetic disorder in which there is whole or partial deletion of one X chromo.
irresp. and unreliable behav. thats not personally advantageous. inability to have lasting rela.s. egocentric thinking and a marked degree of impulsivity
what lobes were activated only when making explicit judgments about the emotion while subjects were presented with morphed faces
ventromedial frontal lobes
what researchers reported that ppl are faster at detecting snakes and spiders amongst flowers than the other way around
ohman, flykt, and esteves
increased bloodflow in the amygdala when shown fearful images are associated with increases in blood flow in the what regions?
visual regions- bc involved in recognizing the potential threat
what region in the brain responds to disgust?
patients with what disease can show selective impairments in recognizing facial expresions of disgust
what area in the brain contains many cells that respond to eye direction and lesions in this area can impair the ability to detect eye gaze direction
S.T.S. - superior temporal sulcus
when a caregiver displays digust then the object will be avoided by the infant. this is an example of what
social referencing
Phineas Gage had a lesion to the what lobe
left frontal lobe
acquired sociopathy following damage to what area
orbitofrontal cortex damage

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