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Paul 3


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an alternate means of referring to God’s divine agent in the Gospel of John and 1 John; could refer to either the Holy Spirit (e.g., John 14:15-17) or to Jesus (1 John 2:1).
referred to the visit of a high official; in early Christianity referred to the second coming of Christ at the end of time
passion narrative
the portion of the Gospel narratives which recount the events leading to the arrest, trial and crucifixion of Jesus; perhaps the oldest sequential narrative among the Gospel traditions.
a Greek term for the Jewish Feast of Weeks, a harvest festival celebrated in June on the fiftieth day after Passover; in Acts 2, the day the Holy Spirit descended upon the Jerusalem Church
People of the land
a Hebrew expression during the second temple period for the common masses in Palestine, mostly rural and poor, who were regarded as religiously lax by the Pharisees; among whom Jesus worked primarily
a self-contained unit about Jesus which circulated independently before the writing of the gospel narratives
associated with midrash, a Hebrew term for an eschatological view of Scripture that saw Scripture referring to the last days; characteristic of exegesis at Qumran
a wealthy, well-educated Alexandrian Jew who wrote philosophical essays explaining and defending Judaism to non-Jews; a Middle Platonist (born ca. 25 BCE)
refers to the time after the Babylonian exile and before the building of the second temple in Jerusalem (ca. 586-538 BCE)
a convert; in early Christianity, a Gentile who had converted to Judaism
Greek for “false writing”; a group of late Jewish writings which claim to be written by notable figures of Israelite history but were not; offer insights into second temple Judaism; many were apocalypses or apocalyptic
writing under an assumed name either (1) to gain the authority of the alleged author, (2) to speak on his behalf, (3) to attribute a writing to a recognized authority figure and/or (4) some combination of the above. A pseudonym is the false name itself
a Jewish religious authority trained to teach, interpret and apply the Law of Moses
inhabitants of the area west of the Jordan River between Judea and Galilee; descendents of the 10 lost tribes of ancient Israel and various Gentile ethnicities; kept the law of Moses and had their own temple on Mt. Gerizim. Normally, Jews looked down on them because of their non-Jewish heritage and their religious practices

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