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Vitamin Deficiencies


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Thiamin Deficiency
Beriberi- Dry, Wet, Infantile, and Cerebral.
Riboflavin Deficiency
Arboflavinosis: inflammation of mouth and tongue. Sores on outside of lips.
Biotin Deficiency
Avidin: protein presend in egg whites that binds biotin, making it unavailable for absorption.
-Symptoms: depression, loss of muscle control, and skin irritations.
Pantothenic Acid Deficiency
Burning Feet Syndrome: tingling in feet/legs, also fatigue, weakness, and nausea.
Vitamin B6 Deficiency
Microcytic Anemia: Results in small cells.
-Symptoms: depression, confusion, irritability
Folate/Folic Acid Deficiency
Macrocytic Anemia: increased cardiovascular disease risk and fetal malformations.
Vitamin B12 Deficiency
Pernicious Anemia: autoimmune disease caused by vitamin B12 deficiency due to lack of intrinsic factor.
Intrinsic Factor: protein produced by exocrine cells in gastric pits of the stomach, need for B12 absorption.
Vitamin C Deficiency
Scurvy: bleeding gums.
Skin: dry/cracked.
Bleeding: blood vessels.
Poor wound healing.
Decrease immune system.
Muscle weakness/damage.

Vitamin K Deficiency
Antibiotics impact formal normal flora bacteria (living in large intestine). Also, Vitamin K injection- new borns.
Vitamin E Deficiency
Rare- Hemolytic Anemia: affect red blood cells.
Vitamin D Deficiency
Sunscreen: still need Vit. D from the sun.
Rickets: (KIDS) bones become soft- bow legs.
Osteomalacia: (ADULTS) soft bones.
Osteoporosis: (WOMEN) brittle bones.

Vitamin A Deficiency
Vitamin A Deficiency Disorder (VADD):
-Night blindness
-Mucus decreased production
-Skin: "goose flesh"- hard/scaley.
-Sperm decrease.
-Deformed bones

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