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A.P. History Exam Review 2006


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Bacon's Rebellion
supported by young men frustrated by their inability to acquire land.
Columbian Exchange
transfer beginning with Columbus's first voyage-plants, animals, and diseases between the two hemispheres
Declaratory Act
asserted Parliament's full right to bind the colonies and people of America in all cases whatsoever
a system in which Spanish authorities granted colonial landlords the service of native Americans as forced labor
French and Indian War
A conflict in America, 1754-1763, that was a part of a worldwide struggle between France and Britian and that ended with the defeat of France and the transfer of French Canada to Britain
Great Awakening
a revival of religious feeling in the american colonies during the 1730s and 1750's
House of Burgesses
Virginia's colonial legislature, or law-making body. Served as the first representative body in colonial America. Jamestown
First American colony, unsuccessful at first.
Joint-stock company
Businesses in which investors pool their wealth for a common purpose
economic system in which nations seek to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by establishing a favorable balance of trade
proc. of 1763
Prohibited colonial settlement west of the app. mts.
world's first anti-slavery society. philiadelphia
a religious movement in the 16th century europe, growing out a a desire for reform in the roman catholic church and leading to the establishment of various protestant churches
salem witch trials
the result of unsettled social and religious conditions in rapidly evolving massachusetts
stamp act
passed to raise money to support new military forces needed for colonial defense
tea act
devised by Lord North in order to save the nearly bankrupt british east india company. the act granted the company the right to sell tea to the colonies free of the taxes that colonial tea sellers had to pay.
townshend acts
passed in 1767, taxing goods that were imported from britain such as lead, glass, paint, and paper. also a tax on tea.
war of jenkin's ear
actually started when cpt jenkins had his ear cut off
middle passage
voyage that brought enslaved africans to the West Indies and later to North america
boston massacre
1770 clash between British soldiers and Boston colonists in which 5 of te colonists were killed
(1781) cornwallis surrendered to washington and colonists won war, cornwallis trapped in yorktown bc of armies all around
valley forge
freezing and lack of food supply; terrible conditions faced by colonists during winter
patriots and loyalists
pats: supported American independence from Britain PLoy.{ colonists ho supported the British gov't during the american revolution
belief that all people should have equal political, economic, social, and civil rights
treat of paris
1783- treaty that ended the rev. war, confirming the independence of the united states and setting the boundaries for the new nation
political system in which a national government and constituent units, such as state gonvernments, share power
bill of rights (1791)
first ten amendments to the constitution consisting of a formal list of citizens rights and freedoms
british forcible seizure of men for military service
judicial review
supreme court's power to declare an act of congress unconstitutional
treal of tears
(1838-1840) marches in which the cherokee people were forcibly removed from georgia to the indian territory with thousands of the cherokee dying on the way

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