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Navy history 2


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The birthplace of the Navy
Philadelphia, PA. Continental Congress passed first navel legislation here.
Father of the Navy
Several candidates, including: George Washington, Esek Hopkins, John Barry, and John Paul Jones.
Revolutionary War efforts include:
siezing enemy supplies including almost 200 British vessels; carrying people to and from Europe; mounting small raids against British coast.
War of 1818 efforts include:
slipping past British blockades; raiding enemy supply lines; attacking enemy ships
Civil War efforts include:
blocking supply for Confederates; moving supplies and troops to raid the South.
World War I efforts include:
(1917-1918) moving supplies to Europe; antisubmarine patrols; laying 60,000 mines in North Sea
World War II Pacific efforts include:
(1941-1945) amphibious assaults; moving supplies. Battle of Midway was turning point.
World War II Atlantic efforts include:
(1941-1945) amphibious assaults; moving supplies; antisubmarine patrols; stopping enemy resupply lines.
Cold War efforts include:
(1945-1990) containing the Soviet threat; providing deterrence.
Korean Conflict efforts include:
(1950-1953) Seventh Fleet initially secured Formost Strait; carrier-based aircraft strikes on bridges, factories, etc; amphibious landing at Inchon; shore bombardment.
Vietnam War efforts include:
(1959-1973) bombing Ho Chi Minh trail; SEAL teams raided guerillas; patrolling waterways; stopping enemy infiltration from Cambodia.
Persian Gulf War efforts include:
(1990-1991) largest, fastest sealift in history; interdicting enemy resupply; naval bombardment of shore installations.
Birthdate of the Navy
1775, 13 October.
Oldest commissioned ship in the Navy
(recognized by Guinness book as oldest Commissioned Warship afloat) U.S.S. Constitution "Old Ironsides" (stationed in Charlestown, MA); manned by active-duty sailors.
Civilians recognized as fathers of the Navy
John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Robert Morris, Joseph Hewes, and Silas Deane.
7-8 May, 1942
Battle of the Coral Sea; prevented Japan from isolating Australia; Vice Admiral Fletcher vs. Admiral Takagi; first naval battle where ships did not see each other directly. Carrier Lexington sunk.
6 June, 1944
Operation Overlord, "D-Day"; Normandy, France; U.S. and British Navy bombarded French coast and moved men and supplies onto beaches.
8-9 March, 1862
Battle of the Ironclads; USS Merrimac vs. CSS Monitor (aka CSS Virginia); neither ship won the battle, but CSS Merrimac was disabled. First battle between armored ships.
4-7 June, 1942
Battle of Midway; Adm Yamamoto vs Admiral Nimitz. Japan attacked US at Midway Island in attempt to sink carriers. Japan lost 4 carriers, US lost 1 (USS Yorktown).
7 December, 1941
raid by Japanese on Pearl Harbor.
Father of the nuclear navy
Admiral Hyman, G. Rickover; retired after 63 years of active duty
23-26 October, 1944
Battle of Leyte Gulf; Adm. Halsey vs. Adm. Ozawa. This was basically ended Japanese offensive Naval power in WWII.
7- August 1942 - 6 March 1943
Battle of Guadalcanal; largest air-sea-land campaign in history; Japanese defeats made this a turning point for WWII.
first commissioned aircraft carrier
USS Saratoga, CV3. sunk during Bikini Atoll nuclear Test Baker (Operation Crossroads).

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