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American Lit Study Guide


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Years covered by Colonial Period
1620's to the early 17th C
Years covered by the Era of Reason and Revolution
1700-1800; everything being turned upside down revolution
wrote Poor Richard's Almanack
wrote Common Sense
Years of the Age of Romanticism
Primary Values of Age of Romanticism
reaction to neoclassicism, intuition more important than reasoning, value of individual, love of nature, free verse, feminist movement, level of education rising, variety of form, transcendentalism
wrote "The Rhodora"
wrote Civil Disobedience
wrote Moby Dick
wrote Midnight Ride of Paul Revere
wrote Cask of Amontillado; setting
Poe; Venice
The definition of human condition
coming of age, marriage, death, birth, rites of passage
What is transcendentalism and who is spokesman
intuitive knowledge; Emerson
Thoreau wrote: (info about him)
"Civil Disobedience" and "Walden Pond"; had school of transcendentalism, believed divine law was higher than secular law
Age of Realism began when and what characterized it?
began 1850 (began in 19th C but reached full potential in 20th C); society changed most by social upheavals, sexual revolution- the pill, originated in France, inventions, women role increased
the greatest american novel and its author
"The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" by Mark Twain
the dividing line between the traditional and the modern novel
1920, roughly
Who wrote Tennessee's partner and what is it an example of?
Bret Harte; an example of regionalism in the US before we had a sense of nationalism
wrote "A Rose for Emily"
Faulkner; takes place in Jefferson
wrote "Hills Like White Elephants"
Hemmingway; about abortion, takes place in Spain; "the american" and a girl named Jig
wrote Less Than Zero
Bret Easton Ellis
What does setting mean in fiction?
time and place
America's greatest female poet
2 poems E.A. Robinson wrote:
-"Richard Cory:" everyone envied this man, but he put a bullet in his head; -"Miniver Cheevy:" he proclaimed he should've been born in a different era
Poems by Robert Frost
Road Not Taken, Stopping by Woods, Birches, Mending Wall
Who wrote "Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" and "The Wasteland"??
T.S. Eliot
This poet was known for unorthodox use of capitalization/tradition and wrote "Anyone Lived in a Pretty Town"
E.E. Cummings
poet came out of Harlem Renaissance and wrote The Negro Speaks
Langston Hughes
a lyrical poet and a playwright, she was the first woman to receive the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry. Known for her unconventional lifestyle. Best known poem, "First Fig"
Edna Millay
poet won 2 Pulitzer Prizes for his biography of Lincoln and a collection of poems. Famous poem, "Chicago" and "The City of Big Show" Many works focused on IL and Chicago
Carl Sandburg
one of America's most influential fiction writers from Miss, known for using long serpentine sentences. He wrote The Sound and the Fury
Wrote The Grapes of Wrath which examines lives of working class and migrant workers during the Depression. Also wrote novella Of Mice and Men
When did the modern era in literature begin?
When was Post-Modernism and what were its defining features?
1970 on. Disillusionment (women especially) to find a lover; distortion of reality
wrote Flight

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