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AP Psychology 2


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our awareness of ourselves and our enviroment
Biological Rhythm
Periodic psychological fluctuations.
Circadian Rhythm
the Biological clock; regular body rhythms that occur on a 24-hour cycle
REM Sleep
rapid eye movement during sleep, a recurring sleep stage during which vivid dreams commonly occur. Also know as Paradoxial sleep, because the muscles are relaxed but other body systems are active.
Alpha Waves
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state,
perodic, natural, reversible loss of consciousness- as distinct from unconsciousness resulting from comma, anesthesia, or hibernation
false sensory experiences, such as seeing somthing in the absence of an external visual stimulus.
Delta Wave
the large, slow brain waves associated with deep sleep
recurring problems in falling or staying asleep
a sleep disorder characterised by uncontrollable sleep attacks. The sufferer may lapse directly into REM sleep, often at opportune times.
Sleep Apnea
a sleep disorder characterized by temporary cessations of breathing during sleep and consequent momentary reawakenings.
Night Terrors
a sleep disorder characterized by high arousal and an appearance of being terrified; unlike nightmares, they occur during stage 4, within 2 to 3 hours of falling asleep, and are seldom remembered.
a sequence of images, emotions, and thoughts passing through a sleeping person's mind. These are notiable for their hallucinatory imagery, discontinuites, and incongruities, and for the dreamers delusional acceptance of the content and later difficulties rembering it.
Manifest Content
according to Freud, the remembered storyline of a dream
Latent Content
according to Freud, the underlying meaning of a dream. Freud belived that a dream's _______ functions as a safety valve.
REM Rebound
The tenancy for REM sleep to to increase following REM sleep deprivation (created by awakenings during REM sleep)
a social interaction in which one person suggests to another that certain projections, feelings, thoughts, or behaviors will spontaneously occur.
Posthyponotic Amnesia
supossed inability to recall what one experienced during hyponosis; induced by the hypnotist's suggestion
Posthyponotic Sugestion
a sugestion made during a hypnosis session, to be carried out after the subject is no longer hypnotized;used by some clinicians to help control undesired symptoms and behaviors
a split in consciousness which allows some thoughts and behaviors to occur simultaneously with others
Hidden observer
Hilgard's term describing a hypotized subject's awareness of experiences, such as pain, that go unreported during hypnosis.
Psychoactive Drugs
A chemical found that alters perceptions and mood.
The diminishing effect with regular use of the same dose of a drug, requiring the user to take longer and larger doses before experienceing the drug's effect.
the discomfort and distress that follow discontinuing the use of an addictive drug.
Physical Dependence
a physiological need for a drug, marked by unplesant withdraw symptoms when the drug is discontinued.
Psychological Dependence
a psychological need to use a drug, such as relieve negative emotions
Drugs (such as alcohol, barbiturates, and opiates) that reduce neural activity and slow body functions
Drugs (such as cafine, nicotine, and the most powerful amphetamines cocanine) that excite neural activity and speed up body funcitions.
Psychedelic (mind manifesting) drugs, such as LSD, that distort perceptions and envoke sensory images in the absence of sensory input.
drugs that depress the activity of the central nervous system, reducing anxiety but imparing memory or judgement.

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