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AP Government Vocabulary V


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Open Primary
Voters may only vote in the Primary party of their choice despite registration
Closed Primary
voters may only vote for candidate in the party in which they are registered
Preference Primary
voters express their opinion by voting. The delegates are not bound by their choice (presidential only)
an amount or group (as of votes) that is greater than any other amount or group within a total but that is not more than half
a number or quantity greater than half of a total
having the power to create a government or to frame or amend a constitution
is the current holder of a political office.
One-man-one vote
a term used to support wider and more equal participation in political systems.
Characterized by an inappropriate or unfair proportional distribution of representatives to a legislative body.
organizing political districts to receive an electoral advantage
sharp, lasting shift in teh popular coalition supporting one or both parties
when voters leave major parties or become less committed to them
Hard Money
refers to donations made directly to political candidates.
Soft Money
money not donated directly to a candidate's campaign, but to a political party for "party building" activities rather than for the direct support of particular candidates and campaigns.
Ebb and Flow
Term used to describe the emergence and decline of party success
party ticket
a single election choice which fills more than one political office or seat.
Favorite son Candidate
A member of a political party who is favored by the party leadership to assume a prominent role.
Grassroots Campaign
implies that the genesis of the described political movement is natural yet spontaneous and imposes a dichotomy between this and a movement that is orchestrated by traditional power structures.
Machine Politics
Organizations that are committed to placing candidates in office regardless of ideology to enrich the machine.
Split Ticket
the process of voting for candidates in more than one party for different positions
a candidate who is so popular that it helps other party members of his party to get elected
Clothespin vote
when you don't like either candidate but you pick the best one
Retrospective voting
voting for or against an incumbent based upon his voting record in office
Prospective voting
voting for or against a challenger based upon what you believe he will do if elected
Write-in vote
a candidate in an election whose name does not appear on the ballot, but for whom voters may vote nonetheless by writing in the person's name.
spin doctor
Skilled practitioners of a heavily biased portrayal in one's own favor of an event or situation.
gender gap
A disproportionate difference, as in attitudes and voting preferences, between the sexes.
a public statement of the principles, objectives, and policy of a political party, esp. as put forth by the representatives of the party in a convention to nominate candidates for an election
any one of the stated principles or objectives comprising the political platform of a party campaigning for election
Direct Primary
an election in which registered voters in a jurisdiction select the candidates who will enter a subsequent election
Valence issue
a question where voters pick candidates on the basis of which one most fully exemplifies, by slogans and experience, the sentiment that most voters have.
Political Action Committee
a private group, regardless of size, organized to elect or defeat government officials in order to promote legislation, often supporting the group's special interests.
non-partisan election
Elected offices for which the use of party labels on the ballot or in campaigning is proscribed by law. Voters must chose among candidates identified on the ballot and during the campaign only by name without benefit of party labels.
Australian ballot
a confidential voting system, whereby nobody other than a particular elector can discover who that person voted for.

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