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Intro to Pharmacology 2


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the movement of a drug from its site of administration to the bloodstream
a complex process involving interactions among the drug, the user, and society.
Antagonistic effect
inhibits the action of an agonist by competing for the receptor site
Cumulative effect
occurs when the body cannot metabolize one dose of a drug before another dose is administered.
the delivery of the drug into any and all body compartments it can penetrate
Drug elimination
how the body rids itself of the waste from a drug
Drug interactions
occur when one drug and a second drug or element have an effect on each other.
a book listing medicinal substances and formulas
the time required for half the amount of a substance in or introduced into a living system or ecosystem to be eliminated or disintegrated by natural processes.
induced inadvertently by a physician or surgeon or by a medical treatment or diagnostic procedure
Idiosyncratic effect
any abnormal or peculiar response to a drug that may manifest itself by over response, under response, or response different from the expected outcome.
mutual or reciprocal action or influence
Mechanism of action
the manner of combination of parts, processes, etc.; which sub serve a common function. Pharmacodynamics, and pharmacokinetics
a drug that in moderate doses dulls the senses, relieves pain, and induces profound sleep; but in excessive doses causes stupor, coma, or convulsions
Nursing implications
Nursing process: Assessment, Diagnosis, Implementation, Teaching, and Evaluation.
Physiologic action
effects on body systems
Placebo effect
by thinking you are going to get better, you show improvement
to augment the activity of a drug synergistically
guarding from or preventing disease; tending to prevent or ward off
medications or drugs that are ordered for a specific amount of time only. Physician will need to be called if the problem persists.
Side effects
secondary and unusual adverse effect
Standing orders
document that details the nursing care to be implemented in specific nursing situations, frequently when a physician is not present; may expand scope of nursing responsibilities.
Synergistic effect
total effect is greater than sum of the individual effects
Therapeutic effect
of or relating to the treatment of disease or disorders by remedial agents or methods
Tolerance or Resistance
the capacity of the body to endure or become less responsive to substance as a drug.
the quality of being poisonous, especially to the degree of virulence of a toxic microbe or of a poison.
Unit Dose System
occurring in or using a single dose, seen as a standard of measurement.

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