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FMF 112


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AH-1W Cobra
Primary function: attack helicopter
Length: 58 feet
Rotor diameter: 48 feet
Speed: 147 knots
Range: 256 nautical miles
Crew: 2 officers
Mission: Fire support and security for forward and rear area forces.
CH-46E Sea Knight
Primary function: Medium lift assualt support helicopter
Length: Rotors unfolded 84 feet 4 inches
Height: 16 feet 8 inches
Range: 132 nautical miles
Speed: 145 knots
Crew: 4 - pilot, co-pilot, crew chief and 1st mechanic/aerial gunner
Payload: 9-16 passangers/combat troops; medical evacuation 15 litters and 2 attendants; cargo 2,000 - 4,000 pounds
Mission: Troop assault is the primary function and the movement of supplies and equipment is secondary. Additional tasks are: combat and assault support for evacuation operations and other maritime special operations; over-water search and rescue augmentation; support for mobile forward refueling and rearming points; aeromedical evacuation of casualties from the field to suitable medical facilities.
CH-53D Sea Stallion
Primary function: Transportation of equipment and supplies during the ship-to-shore movement of an amphibious assault and during subsequent operations ashore.
Length: 88 feet 6 inches
Rotor diameter: 72 feet 2.7 inches
Speed: 130 knots
Range: 690 miles
Crew: 4 pilot, co-pilot, crew chief, and 1st mechanic/aerial gunner
Mission: Designed for the transportation of equipment, supplies and personnel.
CH-53E Super Sea Stallion
Primary fuction: transportation of heavy equipment and supplies during the ship-to-shore movement of amphib assault and during subsequent operations ashore.
Length: 99 feet 5 inches
Rotor Diameter: 79 feet
Speed: 172.5 miles per hour
Range: without refueling 621 miles, with aerial refueling indefinate
Crew: 4 pilot, copilot, crew chief, and 1st mechanic/aerial gunner
Mission: the transportation of material and supplies, the helicopter is capable of lifting 16 tons, a typical load would be a 16,000 pound M198 howitzer or a 26,000 pound Light Armored Vehicle. Features: The helicopter seats 37 passengers in its normal configuration and has provisions to carry 55 passengers with centerline seats installed. It can carry external loads.
UH-1N Huey
Primary function: Utility helicopter
Length: 57.3 feet
Rotor diameter: 48 feet
Speed: 121 knots
Range: 172 nautical miles
Crew: Officer 2, Enlisted 2
Mission: Airborne command and control, combat assault, medical evacuation, maritime special operations, supporting arms control and coordination, fire support and security for forward and rear area forces.
MV-22B Osprey
Primary Function: Amphibious assault transport of troops, equipment and supplies from assault ships and land bases.
Description: The V-22 Osprey is a multi-engine, dual-piloted, self-deployable, medium lift, vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) tiltrotor aircraft designed for combat, combat support,
Mission: Marine Corps Assault Support
Planned inventory: 350 MV-22 (USMC); 50 CV-22 (USAF); 48 HV-22 (USN)
EA-6B Prowler
Primary function: Airborne Electronic Warfare (EW) support to Fleet Marine Forces to include electronic attack (EA), tactical electronic support (ES), electronic protection (EP) and high speed anti-radiation missile (HARM)
Speed: Max .99 mach; cruise .72 mach
Range: Unrefueled in combat configuration: 850 nautical miles (977.5 miles)
Refueled: unlimited (crew fatigue factor - approximately 8 hours)
Armament: ALQ-99 Tactical Jamming System (TJS); USQ-113 Communications Jammer, High Speed Anti-Radiation Missile (HARM)
Mission: The EA-6B's ALQ-99 OBS is used to collect tactical electronic order of battle (EOB) data which can be recorded and processed after missions to provide updates to various orders of battle. The ALQ-99 TJS is used to provide active radar jamming support to assault support and attack aircraft, as well as ground units. Additional suppression of enemy air defenses (SEAD) capability is available with the employment of HARM. The USQ-113 communications jammer can detect and jam a wide range of communication frequencies to further degrade air defense and ground units capabilities.
AV-8B Harrier II
Primary function: Attack and destroy surface targets under day and night visual conditions
Cruise speed: Subsonic to transonic
Ferry range: 2100 nautical miles(2416.64 miles)
Combat radius:
close air support: 163 nautical miles (187.45 miles) with 30 minutes time on station
interdiction: 454 nautical miles (522.45 miles)
Armament: Seven external store stations, comprising six wing stations for AIM-9 Sidewinder and an assortment of air-to-ground weapons, external fuel tanks and AGM-65 Maverick missiles; one centerline station for a DECM pod. A GAU-12 25MM six-barrel gun pod and accompanying ammunition pod can be mounted either side of centerline and has a 300 round capacity with a lead computing optical sight system (LCOSS) gunsight.
Crew: 1
Mission: Attack and destroy surface and air targets, to escort helicopters, and to conduct other such air operations as may be direction. Specific tasks include: - Conduct close air support using conventional and specific weapons
- Conduct deep air support, to include armed reconnaissance and air interdiction, using conventional and specific weapons.
- Conduct offensive and defensive antiair warfare. This includes combat air patrol, armed escort missions, and offensive missions against enemy ground-to-air defenses, all within the capabilities of the aircraft.
- Be able to operate and deliver ordnance at night and to operate under instrument flight conditions.
- Be able to deploy for extended operations employing aerial refueling.
- Be able to deploy to and operate from carriers and other suitable seagoing platforms, advanced bases, expeditionary airfields, and remote tactical landing sites.
KC130F/R/T Hercules
Primary function: In-flight refueling; tactical transport.
Speed: 315 knots (362.25 miles per hour).
Range: Tanker mission: 1000 nautical mile (1150 mile) radius with 45,000 pounds of fuel (20,430 kilograms) (KC-130R/T).
Crew: 2 pilots, 1 navigator/systems operator, 1 flight engineer, 1 first mechanic, 1-2 loadmaster
Mission: The KC-130 is a multi-role, multi-mission tactical tanker/transport which provides the support required by Marine Air Ground Task Forces. Provides in-flight refueling to both tactical aircraft and helicopters as well as rapid ground refueling when required. Additional tasks performed are aerial delivery of troops and cargo, emergency resupply into unimproved landing zones within the objective or battle area, airborne Direct Air Support Center, emergency medevac, tactical insertion of combat troops and equipment, evacuation missions, and support as required of special operations capable Marine Air Ground Task Forces
F-18A/B/C Hornet
Primary function: Intercept and destroy enemy aircraft under all-weather conditions and attack and destroy surface targets.
Cruise speed: High subsonic to supersonic
Ferry range: Over 2,000 nautical miles (2300 miles)
Combat radius:
Fighter mission: 400 nautical miles (460 miles)
Attack mission: 575 nautical miles (661.25 miles)
Armament: Nine external wing stations, comprising two wingtip stations for an assortment of air-to-air and air-to-ground weapons, including AIM-7 Sparrows, AIM-9 Sidewinders, AMRAAMs, AGM-84 Harpoons and AGM-65 Maverick missiles; two inboard wing stations for external fuel tanks or air-to-ground stations; two nacelle fuselage stations for Sparrows or AN/AAS-38 Forward Looking Infrared Radar (FLIR) pods; and a center station for fuel tank or air-to-ground weapons. Air-to-ground weapons include all GBU series bombs, JSOW, JDAM, Mk 80 series general-purpose bombs, and CBU-59 cluster bombs. AN M61 20mm six-barrel gun is mounted in the nose and has a McDonnell Douglas director gunsight.
Crew: 1
Mission: Specific F/A-18A/C tasks include:
- Intercept and destroy enemy aircraft in conjunction with ground or airborne fighter control under all-weather conditions.
- Conduct day and night close air support under the weather.
- Conduct day and night precision deep air support, under the weather. Deep air support consists of radar search and attack, interdiction, and strikes against enemy installations using all types of weapons compatible with assigned aircraft.
- Conduct armed escort of friendly aircraft.
- Conduct day and night suppression of enemy air defense (SEAD)
- Be able to operate from carriers, advanced bases, and expeditionary airfields.
- Be able to deploy or conduct extended range ops employing aerial refueling.
F-18D Hornet
Primary function: Attack and destroy surface targets, day or night, under all weather conditions; conduct multi-sensor imagery reconnaissance; provide supporting arms coordination; and intercept and destroy enemy aircraft under all weather conditions.
Cruise speed: High subsonic to supersonic
Ferry range: Over 2,000 nautical miles (2300 miles)
Combat radius: Fighter mission: 400 nautical miles (460 miles)
Attack mission: 575 nautical miles (661.25 miles)
Crew: 2
Mission: Specific F/A-18D tasks include:
- Conduct day and night deep air support, in all weather. Deep air support consists of armed reconnaissance, radar search and attack, interdiction, and strikes against enemy installations, using all types of weapons compatible with assigned aircraft.
- Conduct multi-sensor imagery reconnaissance to include pre-strike and post-strike target damage assessment and visual reconnaissance.
- Conduct day and night supporting arms coordination to include forward air control, tactical air coordination and artillery/naval gunfire spotting.
- Intercept and destroy enemy aircraft in conjunction with ground and airborne fighter direction.
- Conduct battlefield illumination and target illumination.
- Conduct armed escort of friendly aircraft.
- Be able to operate from carriers, advanced bases, and expeditionary airfields.
- Be able to deploy or conduct extended range ops employing aerial refueling.
Tarawa class; the ships serve as the centerpiece of a multi-ship Amphibious Readiness Group (ARG). Some 3,000 Sailors and Marines contribute to a forward-deployed ARG composed of approximately 5,000 personnel
The Wasp-class LHD are the largest amphibious ships in the world. The LHD l has an enhanced well deck, enabling it to carry three LCACs. The flight deck and elevator scheme is also improved, which allows the ship to carry two more helicopters than its predecessor, the LHA.
The LPD 4 Austin class of ship combines the functions of three different classes of ships; the landing ship (LSD), the tank landing ship (LST), and the attack cargo ship (LKA). Used to transport and land Marines These ships are configured as a flagship and provide extensive command, control and communications facilities to support an Amphibious Task Force Commander and Landing Force Commander.
The primary mission of the Harpers Ferry (Cargo Variant) ship is to dock, transport and launch the Navy's Landing Craft, Air Cushion (LCAC) vessels and other amphibious craft and vehicles with crews and Marines into potential trouble spots around the world.
The Landing Craft, Air Cushion (LCAC). The landing craft air cushion (LCAC) is capable of carrying a 60-75 ton payload. The advantages of air-cushion landing craft are numerous. They can carry heavy payloads, such as an M-1 tank, at high speeds.
T-AH (sealift)
Two hospital ships [HSS] operated by Military Sealift Command
T-AK (sealift)
Cpl Louis J. Hauge Jr Class. Known as the Maritime Prepositioning Force, the 13 ships were built or modified in the mid-1980s and are on location in the western Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea. The 13 Maritime Prepositioning Ships
When instruments of national power are unable to achieve national objectives or protect national interests any other way, the US national leadership may decide to conduct large-scale
Military Operations Other Than War
MOOTW focus on deterring war, resolving conflict, promoting peace, and supporting civil authorities in response to domestic crises.
Types of MOOTW
Arms control - is a concept that connotes any plan, arrangement, or process, resting upon explicit or implicit international agreement. Arms control governs any aspect of the following: the numbers, types, and performance characteristics of weapon systems (including the command and control, logistic support arrangements, and any related intelligence gathering mechanism); and the numerical strength, organization, equipment, deployment or employment of the armed forces retained by the parties (it encompasses disarmament).
Combating terrorism involves actions taken to oppose terrorism from wherever the threat. It includes antiterrorism (defensive measures taken to reduce vulnerability to terrorist acts) and counterterrorism (offensive measures taken to prevent, deter, and respond to terrorism).
Enforcement of sanctions/maritime intercept operations are operations which employ coercive measures to interdict the movement of certain types of designated items into or out of a nation or specified area. These operations are military in nature and serve both political and military purposes.
Enforcing Exclusion Zones. An exclusion zone is established by a sanctioning body to prohibit specified activities in a specific geographic area. Exclusion zones can be established in the air (no-fly zones), sea (maritime), or on land. The purpose may be to persuade nations or groups to modify their behavior to meet the desires of the sanctioning body or face continued imposition of sanctions, or use or threat of force.
Ensuring freedom of navigation and overflight These operations are conducted to demonstrate US or international rights to navigate sea or air routes. Freedom of navigation is a sovereign right according to international law.
Humanitarian assistance. HA operations relieve or reduce the results of natural or manmade disasters or other endemic conditions such as human pain, disease, hunger, or privation in countries or regions outside the United States.
Military support to civil authorities These operations provide temporary support to domestic civil authorities when permitted by law, and are normally taken when an emergency overtaxes the capabilities of the civil authorities.
Nation assistance/support to counterinsurgency is civil or military assistance (other than HA) rendered to a nation by US forces within that nation’s territory during peacetime, crises or emergencies, or war, based on agreements mutually concluded between the United States and that nation.
Noncombatant evacuation operations These operations normally relocate threatened noncombatants from a foreign country. Although principally conducted to evacuate US citizens, NEOs may also include selective evacuation of citizens from the HN as well as citizens from other countries.
Peace Operations. are military operations to support diplomatic efforts to reach a long-term political settlement and categorized as peacekeeping operations (PKO) and peace enforcement operations.
Protection of shipping. When necessary, US forces provide protection of US flag vessels, US citizens (whether embarked in US or foreign vessels), and their property against unlawful violence in and over international waters.
Recovery operations are conducted to search for, locate, identify, rescue, and return personnel or human remains, sensitive equipment, or items critical to national security.
Recovery operations are conducted to search for, locate, identify, rescue, and return personnel or human remains, sensitive equipment, or items critical to national security.
Show of force operations These operations, designed to demonstrate US resolve, involve increased visibility of US deployed forces in an attempt to defuse a specific situation that if allowed to continue may be detrimental to US interests or national objectives.
Strikes and raids Strikes are offensive operations conducted to inflict damage on, seize, or destroy an objective for political purposes. Strikes may be used for punishing offending nations or groups, upholding international law, or preventing those nations or groups from launching their own offensive actions.
Define Military Operations on Urbanized Terrain (MOUT) and discuss the Marine Corps’ role in urban warfare.
85 percent of the world’s population will reside in urbanized areas by the year 2025.
The Marine Corps Role in Urban Warfare. The results of geographical studies show that 60 percent of politically significant urban areas outside allied or former Warsaw Pact territory are located along or within 25 miles of a coastline; 75 percent are within 150 miles; 87 percent are within 300 miles; 95 percent are within 600 miles; and all are within 800 miles.
Examples of MOUT
Stalingrad (1942-1943) Casualties: 1,630,000+
Berlin (1945) Length of battle 14-30 days; casualities estimated in the thousands
Seoul (1950) length of battle 6-13 days, casualties Marines 2383, others estimated in the thousands
Quang Tri I and II (1972) The major urban battles of the Vietnam War. Length of battle Quang Tri I 6-13 days, Quang II 30 days or greater, Casualties battles combined 30,000+
Beirut II (1982) length of battle greater than 30 days, casulaties 2,300+
Effects of noncombatants on military operations
Mobility - Noncombatants civilians, attempting to escape the battlespace, can block military movement. Firepower - The presence of noncombatants can restrict the use of firepower.
Security - The presence of noncombatants increases security requirements in an urban environment to preclude: Noncombatants entering defensive areas, pilferage of equipment, sabotage, terrorism.
Obstacle Employment - The presence and movement of Noncombatants will influence the MAGTFs commander's obstacle plan. Minefields may not be allowed on designated refugee routes or, if allowed, must be guarded until the passage of refugees is completed.
Principles of the Operational Maneuver from the Sea (OMFTS)
- Focuses on an operational objective.
- Uses the sea as maneuver space.
- Ggenerates overwhelming tempo and momentum.
- Pits strength against weakness.
- Eemphasizes intelligence, deceptions, and flexibility.
- Integrates all organic, joint, and combined assets.

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