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the consitution


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Article 1: Congress
Section 1
All legislative powers are given to the congress
Article 1: Congress
Section 2
Describes the house of representitives.
-chosen by the ppl each year
- must be 25 years of age, a citizen for 7 years, and live in the state he or she represents.
-The amount of apportioned is based on the population of the state.
-when vaccancies occur , the governor has the power to issue a writ of election which is when he fills the seat
Article 1: Congress
Section 3
describes the senate:
-teh senate is composed of 2 senators from each state.
-1/3 of the senates seats are up for grabs every 2 years (with a term being 6 years)
-Vaccancies are filled by the govoner until an election can take place.
-must be 30 years old, a citizen for 9 years, and live in the state represented
-vice pres. is the pres. of the senate
-Senate chooses officers and a pres. pro tempore(sub for the vp when he is out)
- tries all impeachment trials, takes 2/3 of the vote to convict. the cheif justice prosides, impeachment penalty is limited to removal from office.
Article 1: Congress
Section 4
congressional elections:
-Time, place, and manner of elections are determined by the states, but the congress may alter regulations by law.
-congress has to meet at least once a year (on january 3rd)
Article 1: Congress
Section 5
Behavior of members:
_each house is in charge of making rules for it self and evaluating the election and qualificaions of mambers.
-Majority of the members have to be present to start busniess(quorum)
-Members can be punished for disordily behavior and expelled by a 2/3 vote.
-congress has to keep a jornal to publish teh votes and speeches of the members(called a "congregationsl record")
-neither house is allowed ro adjourn or change the location for more than 3 days with out telling and it being approved by the other house.
Article 1: Congress
Section 6
restrictions to self dealing by members:
-payment to members must be set in law and paid by the u.s treasury.
-Members are immune from prosecution for what they say in session.(except for treason, felony, or breech of peace)
-members cannot hold any other gov. office while serving in congress.
Article 1: Congress
Section 7
revenue, presidential vetoes, and congressional overrides:
-All bills having to due with money and revenue must start in the house.
-All bills once it is passed by both houses must be signed by the pres.(the pres. has the power to veto)
-If bill is vetoded it goes back to the original house, if both houses pass the bill by 2/3 vote, the bill becomes a law despite the president.
-If the pres. does nothing to a bill and sits on it for 10 days it automaticailly becomes a law. but if the pres. sits on the bill and on the 10th day congress is not in session the bill dies (pocket veto)
Article 1: Congress
Section 8
what congress can do?:
-collect taxes, duties, imposts and excises and provide for the common defense and welfare of the U.S.
-Borrow money
-regulate commerce with other nations, states, and indian tribes
-Establish a uniform rule of citizinship
-coin money (and punish conterfiting)
-fix standards of weight and measures
-establish post offices and post roads
-creat and enfore patents and copyrights
-create courts below the supreme courts
-Define and punish piracy and other felonies on the high seas
-declare war, give letters of marque and reprisal(also make rules about captures)
-raise and support armies (but spending must be renued ever 2 years (including the draft)
-Privide and maintain a navy
-make rules foe th government and regulation of the land naval forces
-to call forth the militis in order to exectue the law of the nation, supress insurrections (rebellions) and rebel invasions (national guard)
-the congress has the right to organize arm and disipline the militia(national guard)
-to excerise all legislative functions pertaining to the district of columbia and property owned by the federal gov.
-Teh congress has the power to carry out any of the powers described above and aby other powers given by the consitution of the gov. of the u.s. ("necessary and proper clause" or "elastic clause"
Article 1: Congress
Section 9
restrictions on the legislative power:
-Slavery could not be resticted by the congress until 1808
-congress maynot suspend the right of habeos corpus unless in a state of rebellion or invasion.
-No bills of attainder may be passed.
-No ex post facto laws can be passed
-no taxes or duties can be placed an goods exported from a state
-no preferance can be given to one state in economics
-No money can be taken from the tresury with out being passed by congress.
_titles of nobility are prohibited
Article 1: Congress
Section 10
restrictions on state power:
-states are not allowed to have foreign treaties
-can't make their own money
-can't pass bills of attanider or ex post facto laws
-can't pass a law that prevents ppl from following the laws fo the federal govenment.
-states are not allowed to taw each other
-states can't keep standing armies (Only in an emergancy can call national guard.
Article 2: Executive
Section 1
Qualtifications, election, oath, compensation:
-executive power lies with in the pres. and the vice pres.
-congress determines the dates of choosing of electors and voting of electors
-must be a natural born citizen, 35 years old, and a resident for 14 years
-the presidents salary cannot be changed during his/her term in office.
Article 2: Executive
Section 2
what the president has the authority to do:
-the pres. is the commander and chief of the armed forces
-The pres. has the power to create several exectutive departments(the cabinet)
-Can grant pardons and reprives (except in cases of impeachment)
-The pres. can make treaties with other nations but must be apporved with 2/3 of the senate
-can nominate ambassadors, judges, and other government officials (with senate vote)
-The pres. can fill all vaccancies when congress id not in session.
Article 2: Executive
Section 3
duties of the president:
-the periodically report to the congress on the state of the union.
-to recall the congress if need be
-To recieve forien ambassadors and other public ministers( the power to recongnize forgien nations)
-faithfully execute the laws of the u.s.
-commissions all officers of the u.s. (civilian and military
Article 2: Executive
Section 4
-the president, vice president, judges, and all civil officers of the u.s. can be removed from office on impeachment for, and conviction of
~high crimes and misdemeanors
Article 3: judicial
Section 1
-the judicial power in the supreme court and any other courts created by congress.
-judicail terms are for life assuming good behavior
-Their compensation cannot be reduced while they hols the office
Article 3: Judicial
Section 2
Supreme court jurisdiction:
Appellate jurisdiction=
-anything about the constitution
-maritime conflicts
-federal laws
original jurisdiction=
-anything dealing with treaties or forgien officals
-when a state is one of the parties in a conflict
~All trials (with the exception of impeachment) will be held in the state where the crime is committed
Article 3: judicial
Section 3
-defined as levying war against the u.s., adhering to the enimies of the u.s., and giving aid and comfort to the enemies to the u.s.
-No one can be convicted of treason with out 2 witnesses
-congress can decide how ro punish treason but can't pass a bill of attainder regarding treason.
-your family cannot be punished for your treasonist act.
Article 4: Intersate relations and management of u.s. property
Section 1
Each state must respect the laws and rules of other states (called "full faith and credit" clause)
Article 4: Intersate relations and management of u.s. property
Section 2
_the citizens of one state are entilted to the same rights and privilages of citizens in other states
-Citizens who commit a crime in one state and run to another the state where the citizen is must return them to their state.
-escaped slaves had to be returned
Article 4: Intersate relations and management of u.s. property
Section 3
-New states maybe formed but not parts exsiting without the consent of the legislatures of those states and from congress
-Congress has the power to make laws for all of our terrories and properites.
Article 4: Intersate relations and management of u.s. property
Section 4
-federal govenment garentees that every state can have their own governemt
-the federal gov, guarentees each state protection form invasion and domestic violence (when asked by the state governor)
Article 5
2/3 of congress or the state legislatures may propose amendments to the consitution. 3/4 of the states (legislatures or conventions) must ratify any proposed amendment to the constitution. no state can be deprived of representation in the senate.
Article 6
all debts and contracts prior to the adoption of the consitution are vaild. the consitution and any laws made in accordance with it are to be considered the supreme law of the land. (supremacy clause)
-no religous test can be required in order to hold a gov. office.
Article 7
9 of the 13 colonies required to ratify the consitution in order for it to take effect.

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