This site is 100% ad supported. Please add an exception to adblock for this site.

Cardiovascular Coronary Artery Disease


undefined, object
copy deck
Coronary Artery Disease
Disease or disorder that interupts blood flow to the heart muscle.
Spasmis vessels
**Narrowing-*MOST COMMON*
Predisposing factors
genetics, diet, obesity(>30lbs), diabetes, hyperlipidemia (>240=high risk), HTN, smoking, stress, sedentary lifestyle, oral contraceptives
Forms of CAD
Arteriosclerosis= hardening and loss of elasticity
Atherosclerosis= Deposit of fatty streaks leading to irregular thickening and plaque formation. Graded I-IV (25%, 50%, 75% and complete blockage)
Asymptomatic coronary atherosclerosis
Due to compensatory collateral circulation(collateral vessel formation)
Signs and Symptoms (S/S) of CAD
Chest pain (angina)
Sudden death
Treatment of CAD
Diet- decrease fat & salt (decrease weight)
Medications- vasodilators
Exercise- gradually increase
Smoking cessation
Surgical interventions
Ischemia caused by atherosclerotic heart disease
Dx: Cardiac catherization, treadmill stress test, relief by NTG
coronary vasodilator
Pt. teaching- *take 1 wait 5 min. if no relief take #2 wait 5 min. take #3-if still no relief go to ER
Variant Prinzmetals
For coronary artery spasms
Treatment of CAD/Angina
Beta-adrenergic blockers (Inderal)
Calcium channel blockers (Cardizem)

Deck Info