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AP Government Vocabulary II


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The Congressional Record
a journal that each chamber must keep of its proceedings
Congressional Oversight
The right for the members of Congress to monitor Executive Branch activities
to bring charges against an official
Pro Tem(pore)(as in president Pro Tem)
(placeholder) in the absence of the president
(Congressional) Whip
a member of congress whose task is to ensure that members of the party attend and vote as the party leadership desires
meeting of some special interest in congress
The Frank
members of congress can send all mail free of charge
the minimum number of members of a deliberative body necessary to conduct the business of that group.
Habeus Corpus
A person held in custody or confinement can seek release from unlawful imprisonment
an act of legislature declaring a person or group of persons guilty of some crime, and punishing them, without benefit of a trial
Ex post facto law
law and legislation that applies retroactively (Influencing or applying to a period prior to enactment)
Omnibus Bill
a group of noncotraversial bills tied together for quick passage
a controversial form of redistricting in which electoral district or constituency boundaries are manipulated for an electoral advantage
Characterized by an inappropriate or unfair proportional distribution of representatives to a legislative body.
Discharge Petition
pulls a bill out of committee and brings it to the full House
the speech Senators speak endlessly to kill or delay a bill
Cloture (closure)
ends debate and brings a bill to a vote (requires a 3/5 vote)
Double tracking
to allow certain business to continue during a filibuster
Multiple Referral
the process of sending legislation to be considered by more than one committee
when a committee chair does not introduce a bill into his committe
pork Barrel (Bill)
a government appropriation bill, or policy that supplies funds for local improvements designed to ingratiate legislators with their constituents.
The exchanging of political favors, especially the trading of influence or votes among legislators to achieve passage of projects that are of interest to one another.
an additional provision annexed to a bill under the consideration of a legislature, having little connection with the subject matter of the bill.
Conference Committee
joint committee that reconciles the two bills, into one unified bill
Standing committee
permanent committees of Congress in which most of the work of Congress is done
counts the polulation every 10 years
process of determining representation in politics within a legislative body
Reapportionment (Redistricting)
the redistribution of representation in a legislative body
an official reprimand, as by a legislative body of one of its members.
is the current holder of a political office.
having power to frame or alter a political constitution or fundamental law
Being both pertinent and fitting.
any situation in which nothing can move or proceed in any direction
to reject (a proposed bill or enactment)
Pocket Veto
a veto of a bill brought about by the president's failure to sign it within ten days of the adjournment of Congress.
money set aside (as by a legislature) for a specific purpose
A writ requiring appearance under penalty of law (in court)
the right to copy original work
the exclusive right granted by a government to an inventor to manufacture, use, or sell an invention for a certain number of years.
Christmas Tree Bill
Informal nomenclature for a bill on the Senate floor that attracts many, often unrelated, floor amendments

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