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TheWokman's Huge AP Bio Review - Vascular Plants I

The Wokmans's AP Bio Review via Cliffnotes:
Vascular Plants - Tissues, Seed, Germination, Development, Primary Growth

Terms

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functions in the conduction of sugars
phloem
living paernchyma cells that lie adjacent to each sieve tube member
companion cells
formed by the dividing cells of the apical eristem
zone of cell division
cells that make up phloem
sieve-tube members
becomes the young shoot; attached to the cotyledons
hypocotyl
sticky top of the pistil
stigma
tissue that surrounds the vascular cylinder of the root
endodermis
the stalk that supports the anther
filament
in monocots, a sheath that surrounds and protects the epicotyl; emerges first appearing as a leaf
coleoptile
storage tissue found in roots and stems
cortex
make up ground tissue; thick, felxible walls; serve mechanical support functions
collenchyma
make up ground tissue; thickets walls; serve mechanical support functions
sclerenchyma
zone where cells mature into xylem, phloem, parenchyma, or epidermal cells
zone of maturation
pollen bearing portion of flower
anther
stalk leading from the stigma to the ovary
style
protects the apical meristem behind it
root cap
photsynthetic tissues found in leaves; parenchyma
mesophyll
2 cotyledons; netted venation; flower parts in 4s, 5s, or multiples; vascular bundles organized in circle; taproot
dicots
the pattern of veins in leaves
leaf venation
cells surrounding the vascular bundles
pith
formed by newly formed cells that absorb water and elongate
zone of elongation
consists of epidermis cells that cover the outside of plant parts, guard cells that surround stomata
dermal tissue
cells within the epidermis of the leaf; found in pairs
guard cells
the base of the pistil
ovary
surface tissue on the roots, stems and leaves
epidermis
young leaves often attached to the epicotyl
plumules
develops into the root; below the hypocotyl
radicle
short, wide and less tapered cells that make up xylem
vessel elements
the top portion of the embryo, eventually becomes the shoot tip
epictoyl
long and tapered cells that make up xylem
tracheids
the tips of roots and shoots where growth occurs in young seedlings; tissue that divides by mitosis to add length to roots and stems
apical meristems
typical growth in seedlings and young plants
primary growth
make up ground tissue; thin walls; serve various functions including storage, photosynthesis, and secretion
parenchyma
storage tissue that provides nutrition to the developing seedling
cotyledons
areas where the cytoplasm of one cell makes contact with that of the next cell
sieve plates
1 cotyledon; parallel venation; flower parts in 3s or multiples; scattered vascular bundles; fibrous system of roots
monocots

Deck Info

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