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Anatomy & Physiology Final

Terms

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Where fetal developement takes place
uterus
an inorganic substance that serves as a building material or takes part in a chemical reaction in the body
minerals
synapse
space between two neurons
genotype
the genetic makeup of an individual
breathing is controlled by the chemistry of your blood as it interacts with the __
medulla oblongota
number of layers of skin
3
what holds bones together at joints
ligaments
epidermis
the outer layer of skin
atria
where the blood enters the heart
keratin
what hair and nails are made of
sacromere
the unit of contraction in the muscular system
reflex
an automatic response to a stimulus
Antidiuretic hormone
stimulates the reabsorption of water in a nephron
a snail-shaped structure in the inner ear that is filled with fluid, lined with hair cells, and connected to the auditory nerve
cochlea
tendons
attach muscles to the skeleton
What is the main function of the excretory system?
to remove waste products
neurotransmitter
chemical that axon end secretes to control another neuron or an effector
exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide occurs in the ___ of the lungs
alveoli
esophagus
muscular tube that connects the mouth to the stomach
neuron
the basic unit of structure and function in the nervous system
pepsin
the enzyme that begins the digestion of proteins
antibodies destroy anitgens by causing pathogens to
clump together
pacemaker
sets the heart beat rate
lens
a solid structure that focuses light on the back of the eyes
zygote
combination of sperm and egg nuclei
scrotum
the muscular sac that surrounds the testes
bile
a chemical that breaks down fats into small droplets
Gastric Juices are produced in the ___
stomach
absorbs water from the indigestible materials in the digestive tract
large intestine
heterozygous
a genotype that has two different alleles
glucagon
stimulates the liver to release glucose into the blood when glucose levels are low
hypothalamus
monitors body temperature and responds as necessary to maintain homeostasis
arteries
large, elastic vessels that carry blood away from the heart
retina
the layer of nerve tissue at the back of the eye made up of cells that respond to light energy
blood pressure
the force that the blood exerts on the vessels of the body
The 3 main regions of the brain
cerebrum, cerebellum, and brain stem
testes
produces sperm
adrenaline
the hormone that helps the body prepare for stress

Deck Info

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