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Glossary of the dances of the baroque suite

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what do the dances of the baroque suites have in common?
they're all in the same key
what's the dances of a standard baroque suite?
allemande, courante or corrente, sarabande, optional dances, gigue
allemande
a dance in moderate 4/4 time of german origin, with a short upbeat, often using short running figures that are passed thru a semi-contrapuntal texture
courante
french dance in a moderate 3/2 or 6/4 time, with frequent shifting from one of these to the other (hemiola). The texture is free counterpoint, with a shifting melody
corrente
italian dance in quick triple meter, with continuous running figures, and homophonic texture
sarabande
a dance in slow triple meter and dignified in style, often with an accented or long tone on the second beat. it probably originated in latin america and moved to spain as a wild dance, but when it arrived in france and england, its style became calm and dignified
what are the optional dances?
minuet, bouree, gavotte, passepeid, polonaise, anglaise, loure, or air
minuet
a french country dance in 3/4 meter
bouree
a french dance, usu in quick duple meter with a single upbeat
gavotte
a french dance in moderate duple meter, with an upbeat of two quarter notes, and with phrases usu begiinning and ending in the middle of the measure
passepied
a spirited dance in quick 3/8 or 6/8 meter, possibly originating in brittany
polonaise
a polish dance of stately and festive character in moderate triple meter. It often contains measures with a short repeated rythmic motive
anglaise
a dance in fast duple meter derived from the english country dance
loure
from the 16th and 17th century term for bagpipe, this dance is in moderate 6/4 time, with dotted rhythms and heavy downbeats
air
a song, rather than a dance, with melodic characteristics
gigue
originate from the english jigs, the french gigue is in compound duple meter (6/8) for example), contains dotted rythms and large intervales (6ths/7ths) and has fugal texture. the Italian Giga is quicker, non-fugal, and has running passages over a harmonic bass. These are less common in Baroque suites than the French gigue

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