Glossary of social psycology
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- social psychology
- they study the social influences that help explain why the same person will act dfferently in diff. situations.
- attribution theory
- a teory that heider said that people usually attribute others' behavior with either to thir internal dispositions or external
- fundamental attribution error
- underestimation situational influences on people.
- beliefs and feelings that predipose our reations to objects, people, and events.
- foot in the door phenomnom
- a tendency for people who agree to a small action to comply later with a larger one.
- cognitive dissonance theory
- to relieve tension, festiner said, we bring our attitues into line with our actions.
- to conform and agree with a group
- normative social influence
- to do what somebody else does to avoid rejection or to gain social approval.
- informational social influence
- when we accept others' opinions about reality
- social facillitation
- having a stronger performance in other people's presence.
- social loafing
- doing less when you know youre in a group. example the tug of war, when thought others were behind you, you pull less.
- abandoning normal restraints to the power of the group/to be less self concious and less restrained when in a group situation.
- group polarization
- when people in a group discuss attitudes that most of them either favor or oppose.
- to preserve the good group feeling, any dissenting views are supressed or self censored. noebody speaks out strongly.. to keep harmony.
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