Glossary of social psych myers
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- social representations
- socially shared beliefs, and widely held ideas and values, including our assumptions and cultural ideologies. Our social representations help us make sense of our world.
- naturalist fallacy
- the error of defining what is good in terms of what is observable. For example: What's typical is normal; what's normal is good.
- mundane realism
- degree to which an experiment is superficially similar to everyday situations.
- experimental realism
- degree to which an experiment absorbs and involves its participants.
- illusion of transparency
- the illusion that our concealed emotions leak out and can be easily read by others.
- spotlight effect
- the belief that others are paying more attention to one's appearance and behavior than they really are.
- the answers to the question 'who am i'
- beliefs about self that organize
and guide the processing of self-relevant information
- self-reference effect
- the tendency to process efficiently and remember well information related to oneself.
- dual attitude system
- differing implicit (automatic) and explicit (consciously controlled) attitudes toward the same object. Verbalized explicit attitudes may change with education and persuasion; implicit attitudes change slowly, with practice that forms new habits.
- a sense that one is competent and effective, distinguished from self-esteem, one's sense of self-worth. A bombardier might feel high self-efficacy and low self-esteem.
- false consensus effect
- the tendency to overestimate the commonality of one's opinions and one's undesirable or unsuccessful behaviors.
- false uniqueness effect
- the tendency to underestimate the commonality of one's abilities and one's desirable or successful behaviors.
- the act of expressing oneself and behaving in ways designed to create a favorable impression or an impression that corresponds to one's ideals.
- being attuned to the way one presents oneself in social situations and adjusting one's performance to create the desired impression.
- dispositional attribution
- attributing behavior to the person's disposition and traits.
- situational attribution
- attributing behavior to the environment.
- a self-conscious state in which attention focuses on oneself. It makes people more sensitive to their own attitudes and dispositions.
- misinformation effect
- (1) incorporating "misinformation" into one's memory of the event, after witnessing an event and receiving misleading information about it. (2) Witnessing an event, receiving misleading information about it, and then incorporating the "misinformation" into one's memory of the event.
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