Glossary of reading midterm
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- List the 6 influences on content literacy
- prior knowledge of the subject
purpose for the task
language and conceptuial difficulut of the material
assumptions the writers make
the organizational structures used
- what are the 3 levels of comprehension?
- explain the literatl level of comprehension
- getting infomration explicitly from the text
- explain the interpretive levl of comprhension
- putting together information, perecigin relationships, making inferences
- explain the applied level of comprehension
- using information to express opinions and form new ideas
- what is metacognition?
- it inovles awareness of, knowedlge about, reugaltion of and ability to control one's own cognitive processess
- what are the two compnents of metagognition?
- what does metatacotnitive knowedge include?
- self knoweldge and task knowedlge
- what is self knoweldge
- knowedge studenta have about themselsves as learners
- what is task knowedlge
- the knowledge studnets have about the skills, strateivies and resiources necsarry for th epromance of cogtinitve tasks
- what is self regulation?
- self regualtion involves the ability to montior and regulated the reading and writing process through strategies and attitutes that capitlaize on metacognivie knowedlge
- what are the six self rugaltion and monotoring questions students can ask?
- 1. words not understood
2. information that doesnt' agree with prior knowledge
3. ideas that don't fit together b/c you can't tell who or what is being discussed
4. can't tell how ideas are rlated
5. contriding ideas
6. missing or not explained infomation
- what is schema (schemata)
- how people use world or prior knoweldge to orgnatize and store information int heir head
- what does schema help readers do?
- make inferences, anticipate, predict, fill in gaps, orgniaze information, retain and remember, elaborate
- what are the compnsnt of strategey instruation?
- assessment, explanaition, awarness
modeling and demonstration
- when using stragety insturcion how do you assess students
- give them a passage
direct them to use a stratgey
have studnets respond to strategy
- when using stragety insturcion how do you create awareness and eplain procedures?
- discuss assessment
why strategy is useful
explain when to use the stratge
have the studnet use the stratgey
- when using stragety insturcion how do you model and demonstrate?
- use overhead to show steps
initaite think aloud
- when using stragety insturcion how do you provide guided practice
- when using stragety insturcion how do you apply the strateigeis
- give studnets assignments to apply stratgeies they are learning
- what does QAR stand for?
- question answer relationship
- what are the five steps for teaching QAR's
- 1. intoruce concept
2. begin by assessing studnets
3. Practice with short passages
5. have studnets apply QAR to actual assignemnts
- what are the two categories of QAR
- in your head
in the text
- what are the two main categoires of "whare are answers to questions found?"
- in the text (right there or think and search)
in your head (author and you, on your own)
- what are the main stages of the writing process?
- discotery stage, drafting, revising
- what activities are included int he discovery stage?
- what activities are used in teh dracting stage
- provide in class and out of class time and peer collaboration
- what activities are used in the revising stage?
- student response groups
- what are some good vocabulary strategeys?
- concept difinition word maps
mood and tone
cuase and effect
direct descripion (examples)
- what questions and categories are considred when creating a CD word map
- what category
- how does the defintion of a word help readers?
- the authoer quesates the unkonwen word to a familiar word
- whow do likned synonyms help readers with vocab words
- the autor pais the word with known words
- how doe exampels help readers with vocab words?
- gives examples of what is used
- how does contrast help with vocab strategeis
- using opposites of the unkonwn word
- how does cuase and effect help voab stratieiges?
- they help the meaning of the uknown word to be better guessed
- how does the mood and tone help vocab strategies?
- the author's mood helps the meaning to be ebtter understood
- what are two good comprehension strategies
- questioning the author (QtA) and Directed Reaidng-Thinking Activity (DR-TA)
- why is QtA a good comprehension stratgey
- it allows studnets to ask questions why readnig and places value ont he quality and dept of studnets responses. It byuild metacognitive knoweldge by making students aware
- what are the three stages needed for planing a QtA lesson
- 1. ID major understandings and potentila problems with the test
2. segment the text into logical stoping points for discussion
3. develop question or queires that model and demonstrate how to question the author
- what is marking (QtA)
- drawing attention to certina ideas by paraphrasing wht a sutdnet said
- what is turning back (QtA)
- making studnets responsible for figure out ideas and turing back to the text for clarification
- what is reviocing (QtA)
- assisting studnets as they epxress their idea,s filter the most inomprtaing information
- what is modelving (QtA)
- think aloud about a difficlut issue
- qwhat is annotating (QtA)
- providing information that is not in the text so studnets can comprhehnd fully
- what is recapping (QtA)
- summarizing the main ideas as a signal to move on in the lesson
- what are three techniques used as good reading strategies?
- think alouds
Question Answer Relationships (QAR)
- HOw many comprehension activities are modeled during the reciprocal teaching model of comprehension strategies? What are they?
- how does recpricocal teachign work?
- the teacher assists the students and gives support as needed
- how many steps make up the first phase of reciprocal teaching?
find text that demonstrates the 4 comprehension activities
generate appropriate questions
locate summarizing sentences
not difficult vocab and concepts
- in recprical teaching, what makes up the second phase?
- making decisions about whch comprehension strategies are to be taught, based on the studnts' needs.
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