Glossary of psych test 1 2

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What is ID ?
The id is the locus of instinctual drives. The wants and needs we are born with. Id driven behaviors are impulsive.
What is Ego?
the rational self the ego experiences the reality of the external world and adapts to it, and responds to it.
What is superego?
The perfection principle. internalizes the values and morals set forth by primary caregivers. Derived out of a system of rewards and punishments.

Ex: when a child is punished for bad behavior and rewarded for good behavior.
What is the imporance of models?
Different way of looking at things. No wrong answer.
List 7 defense Mechanisms
denial,displacement,projection,repression,suppression,sublimitation, intellectualization.
What is denial?
The refusal to acknowledge the exsistence of a real situation or the feelings associated with it.
What is displacement?
the transferring of feelings from one target to another that is considered less threatening or neutral.
What is intellectualization?
the attempt to avoid expressing actual emotions associated with a stressfull situation by using the intellectual processes of logic,reasoning, and analysis.
list the 3 major components that Freud organized the structure of personality into.
What is projection?
the attribution of feelings or impulses unacceptable to one's self to another person. "passing the blame"
What is repression?
the involuntary blocking of unpleasant feelings and experiences from one's awareness.
What is suppression?
the voluntary blocking of unpleasant feelings and experiences from ones awareness.
What is sublimitation?
the rechanneling of drives or impulses that are personally or socially unacceptable.. (aggressiveness,anger) into activities that are more tolerable and constructive.

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