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Glossary of physical science chapter 12

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sound energy
energy that is produced by vibrating matter and transmitted through a medium
momentum
mass multiplied by velocity; a quantity of motion
solar sailing
using the force of light waves to propel objects through space
potential energy
the energy of position; stored energy
Nuclear energy
the energy that is stored in the nucleus of an atom
joule
the SI unit of energy; equal to 1 Newton-meter of work
conservation of momentum
energy can be transferred from one object to another without a change in total momentum of the entire system
photosynthesis
process that plants use to coonvert light energy into chemical energy
energy
the ability to do work
magnetic energy
Energy that is stored in a magnet and its surrounding field
chemical energy
energy that is stored in the position of electrons in an atom
law of conservation of enrgy
energy can be changed from one form to another but can neither be created nor destroyed
thermal energy
the total energy of the particles in an object related to the motion of the molecules or ions in matter
mechanical energy
the energy that an object possesses because of its motion or its potential to move
kinetic energy
the theory of matter that describes the states of matter in terms of attractive forces and kinetic energy
electrical energy
Energy that is associated with the flow of charged particles through a conductor
radiant energy
energy that must be transferred to other forms

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