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Glossary of pharmacology- quiz 1

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ethinyl estradiol with norethindrone (Ortho-Novum 1/35)
Oral contraceptives: Estrogen-Progestin combinations

Ethinyl estradiol with norethindrone (Ortho-Novum 1/35) is an estrogen-progestin combination oral contraceptive.
etidronate (Didronel)
Bone resorption inhibitors-Bisphosphonates

Etidronate (Didronel) is a bisphosphonate bone resorption inhibitor that also slows new bone growth and is used to treat Paget's disease.
fexofenadine (Allegra)
H1-receptor blockers (Antihistamines) Fexofenadine (Allegra) is an H1-receptor blocker, or antihistamine, to reduce nasal congestion, sneezing, and tearing of the eyes.
furosemide (Lasix)
Loop diuretics

Furosemide (Lasix) is a loop diuretic often used to treat acute heart failure.
fluoxetine (Prozac)
Antidepressants: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)

Fluoxetine (Prozac) is a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor used to treat depression.
gentamicin (Garamycin)
Aminoglycosides

Gentamicin (Garamycin) is a broad-spectrum aminoglycoside usually used to treat serious urinary, respiratory, nervous system, or GI infections.
atenolol (Tenormin)
Beta-adrenergic blockers

Atenolol (Tenormin) is a beta-adrenergic blocker used to treat angina and hypertension, and to prevent MI.
atorvastatin (Lipitor)
HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (Statins)

Atorvastatin (Lipitor) is an HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor (or statin) used to treat hyperlipidemia.
beclomethasone (Beclovent and others)
Anti-inflammatory agents: Glucocorticoids

Beclomethasone (Beclovent and others) is a glucocorticoid used to treat asthma and allergic rhinitis.
bethanecol (Urecholine)
Parasympathomimetics (Cholinergic agents)

Bethanecol (Urecholine) is a parasympathetic cholinergic agent used to stimulate smooth muscle contraction in the GI and urinary tracts.
diazepam (Valium)
Drugs that potentiate GABA action: Benzodiazepines

Diazepam (Valium) is a benzodiazepine used to control seizures and to treat anxiety.
atropine
Anticholinergics (Cholinergic blockers)

Atropine is a cholinergic blocker, or anticholinergic agent, used to produce a dry surgical field, increase heart rate, and dilate pupils.
ethosuximide (Zarontin)
Succinimides Ethosuximide

(Zarontin) is a succinimide anticonvulsant used in the treatment of psychomotor or tonic-clonic seizures.
lorazepam (Ativan)
Benzodiazepines


Lorazepam (Ativan) is a benzodiazepine used for the short-term treatment of anxiety and insomnia.
imipramine (Tofranil)
Antidepressants: Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs)


Imipramine (Tofranil) is a tricyclic antidepressant used for clinical depression and treatment of chronic pain.
epoetin alfa (Epogen, Procrit)
Hematopoietic growth factors


Epoetin alfa (Epogen and Procrit) is a hematopoietic growth factor used to treat hematopoietic abnormalities in patients with neoplasms, AIDS, and chronic renal failure.
amiodarone (Cardarone)
Potassium channel blockers

Amiodarone (Cardarone) is a potassium channel blocker used to treat atrial dysrhythmia and ventricular tachycardia.
carvedilol (Coreg)
Carvedilol (Coreg) is a beta-adrenergic blocker used to treat heart failure by lowering heart rate and blood pressure.
thiopental (Pentothal)
General anesthetics: Intravenous agents

Thiopental (Pentothal) is an intravenous general anesthetic used in surgery.
halothane (Fluothane)
General anesthetics: Inhalation agents-Volatile liquids

Halothane (Fluothane) is a volatile liquid inhalation agent used for general anesthesia.
haloperidol (Haldol)
Conventional (Typical) antipsychotics: Phenothiazines

Haloperidol (Haldol) is a phenothiazine antipsychotic.
lidocaine (Xylocaine)
Local anesthetic: Amides

Lidocaine (Xylocaine) is an amide local anesthetic given IV, IM, or subcutaneously.
hydrocortisone (Aeroseb-HC and others)
Adrenal drugs: Systemic corticosteroids

Hydrocortisone (Aeroseb-HC, Alphaderm, and others) is a systemic corticosteroid used to treat adrenocortical insufficiency.
isoniazid (INH)
Antitubercular agents

Isoniazid (INH) is an antitubercular agent.
isotretinoin/13-Cis-retinoic acid (Accutane)
Drugs for acne and rosacea: Retinoids


Isotretinoin/13-Cis-retinoic acid (Accutane) is a retinoid agent used to treat acne and rosacea.
diphenhydramine (Benadryl and others)
H1-receptor blockers (Antihistamines)


Diphenhydramine (Benadryl and others) is an H1-receptor blocker, or antihistamine.
diphenoxylate with atropine (Lomotil and others)
Antidiarrheals

Diphenoxylate with atropine (Lomotil and others) is an antidiarrheal.
Tetracycline (Achromycin and others)
Tetracyclines

Tetracycline (Achromycin and others) is a tetracycline antibiotic.
sildenafil (Viagra)
Drugs for erectile dysfunction: Phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors


Sildenafil (Viagra) is a phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitor used to treat erectile dysfunction.
medroxyprogesterone (Prempro)
Drugs for dysfunctional uterine bleeding: Progestins

Medroxyprogesterone (Prempro) is a progestin used to treat dysfunctional uterine bleeding.
spironolactone (Aldactone)
Diuretics: Potassium-sparing

Spironolactone (Aldactone) is a potassium-sparing diuretic that inhibits aldosterone secretion.
sibutramine (Meridia)
Anorexiants

Sibutramine (Meridia) is a serotonin reuptake inhibitor prescribed as an appetite suppressant, or anorexiant.
cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan)
Alkylating agents


Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan) is an alkylating agent used alone or in combination to treat a wide variety of cancers.
diltiazem (Cardizem)
Calcium channel blockers


Diltiazem (Cardizem) is a calcium channel blocker used in the treatment of angina, dysrhythmia, and hypertension.
cyclosporine (Neoral, Sandimmune)
Immunosuppressants


Cyclosporine (Neoral and Sandimmune) is an immunosuppressant that inhibits helper T-cells, thereby reducing the immune response.
colchicine
Uric acid inhibitors


Colchicine is a uric acid inhibitor used to treat gout.
interferon alfa 2 (Roferon-A, Intron A)
Biologic response-modifiers


Interferon alfa 2 (Roferon-A and Intron A) is a biologic response-modifier used to treat hairy cell leukemia, Kaposi's sarcoma, hepatitis, and other viral disorders.
lithium (Eskalith)
Agents for bipolar disorder: Mood stabilizers


Lithium (Eskalith) is a mood stabilizer used to treat bipolar disorder.
ticlopidine (Pentothal)
Antiplatelets

Ticlopidine (Pentothal) is an antiplatelet that is used to reduce the risk of stroke due to thrombi.
prochlorperazine (Compazine)
Antiemetics; Phenothiazine

Prochlorperazine (Compazine) is a phenothiazine that is the most frequently prescribed antiemetic.
sumatriptan (Imitrex)
Antimigraine agents: Triptans

Sumatriptan (Imitrex) is an antimigraine agent in the triptan class that causes vasoconstriction of cranial arteries.
psyllium mucilloid (Metamucil and others)
Laxatives: Bulk-forming

Psyllium mucilloid (Metamucil and others) is a bulk-forming laxative.
verapamil (Calan)
Calcium channel blockers

Verapamil (Calan) is a calcium channel blocker used to treat dysrhythmia and angina.
zidovudine (Retrovir, AZT)
Antiretrovirals for HIV/AIDS: Nucleoside and nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors

Zidovudine (Retrovir and AZT) is an antiretroviral used to treat HIV and AIDS.
alteplase (Activase)
Thrombolytics

Alteplase (Activase) is a thrombolytic.
cefotaxime (Claforan)
Cephalosporins

Cefotaxime (Claforan) is a third-generation cephalosporin with broad-spectrum activity against gram-negative organisms.
donezipil (Aricept)
Drugs for Alzheimer's disease: Acetylcholine inhibitors


Donezipil (Aricept) is an acetylcholine inhibitor used in the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.
metoprolol (Lopressor)
Beta-adrenergic blockers


Metoprolol (Lopressor) is a beta-adrenergic blocker used for treating MI, angina, and dysrhythmia.
acetaminophen (Tylenol and others)
Nonopioid analgesics: NSAIDs-Nonsalicylates

Acetaminophen (Tylenol) is a nonsalicylate, nonopioid analgesic used to relieve pain and reduce fever.
Benzocaine (Solarcaine and others)
Drugs for sunburn and other minor burns: Local anesthetics

Benzocaine (Solarcaine) is a local anesthetic used to treat sunburn and other minor burns.
levodopa (Larodopa)
Drugs for Parkinson's disease: Dopaminergic agents

Levodopa (Larodopa) is a dopaminergic agent used to treat Parkinson's disease.
reteplase (Retevase)
Thrombolytics

Reteplase (Retevase) is a thrombolytic used to dissolve blood clots, especially after an MI.
sodium bicarbonate
Acid-base agents

Sodium bicarbonate is an acid-base agent used to treat acidosis.
vancomycin (Vancocin)
Miscellaneous antibacterials

Vancomycin (Vancocin) is a miscellaneous antibacterial used to treat severe infections.
propranolol (Inderal)
Beta-adrenergic blockers

Propranolol (Inderal) is a beta-adrenergic blocker used to treat dysrhythmia, hypertension, angina, and migraine headaches.
lindane (Kwell)
Antiparasites

Lindane (Kwell) is an antiparasite used to treat mites and head lice.
lisinopril (Prinivil)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors

Lisinopril (Prinivil and Zestoric) is an angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor for the treatment of hypertension and heart failure.
raloxifene (Evista)
Bone resorption inhibitors: Hormonal agents

Raloxifene (Evista) is a selective estrogen receptor modulator used to inhibit bone resorption in osteoporosis.
heparin (Heplock)
Parenteral anticoagulants

Heparin (Heplock) is a parenteral anticoagulant.
doxorubicin (Adriamycin)
Antitumor antibiotics

Doxorubicin (Adriamycin) is an antitumor antibiotic often prescribed for solid tumors of the lung, breast, ovary, and bladder, and for leukemias and lymphomas.

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