Glossary of nursing 210-renal
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- ________ structure of the kidney includes:
- The ______ structure of the kidney includes:
*proximal, loop of henle, distal loop, collecting duct
- function of the kidneys
1. waste products
2. fluid and electrolytes, BP, and ___ regulation.
- Formation of urine
1. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR)
2. tubular function
3. tubular __________
- kidneys regulate fluid and electrolytes with the release of aldosterone and _____
- kidneys regulate the BP by release of ______-angiotension
- the three types of acute renal failure include:
- 3 stages of acute renal failure are:
3. Recovery phase
- ________ renal failure is usually the end result of gradual tissue destruction and loss of renal function.
- ________renal failure, the sudden interruption of renal function, can be caused by obstruction, poor circulation, or underlying kidney disease.
- As the kidneys become unable to conserve sodium and water, the _______ phase, marked by increased urine secretion of more the 400 ml/ 24 hours, ensues.
- If the cause of the diuresis is corrected, azotemia gradually disappears and ______ occurs.
- untreated prerenal _____ may lead to acute tubular necrosis.
- _______failure ensues when a condition that diminishes blood flow to the kidneys leads to hypoperfusion.
- __________is a consequence of renal hypoperfusion. The impaired blood flow results in decreased glomerular filtration rate and increased tubular reabsorption of sodium and water.
- __________ failure, also called intrinsic or parenchymal renal failure, results from damage to the filtering structures of the kidneys.
- Bilateral obstruction of urine outflow leads to __________ failure. The cause may be in the bladder, ureters or urethra.
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