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Glossary of nursing 210-renal

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________ structure of the kidney includes:
-CORTEX
-MEDULLA
-PELVIS
MACRO
The ______ structure of the kidney includes:
NEPHRON-
-glomerulus
-tubular system
*proximal, loop of henle, distal loop, collecting duct
Blood supply
Juxtaglomurelar appartus
Micro
function of the kidneys
1. waste products
2. fluid and electrolytes, BP, and ___ regulation.
pH
Formation of urine
1. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR)
2. tubular function
3. tubular __________
secretion
kidneys regulate fluid and electrolytes with the release of aldosterone and _____
ADH
kidneys regulate the BP by release of ______-angiotension
renin
the three types of acute renal failure include:
1. ____________
2. intra-renal
3. post-renal
pre-renal
3 stages of acute renal failure are:
1. Oliguria
2. ___________
3. Recovery phase
diuresis
________ renal failure is usually the end result of gradual tissue destruction and loss of renal function.
chronic
________renal failure, the sudden interruption of renal function, can be caused by obstruction, poor circulation, or underlying kidney disease.
acute
As the kidneys become unable to conserve sodium and water, the _______ phase, marked by increased urine secretion of more the 400 ml/ 24 hours, ensues.
diuretic
If the cause of the diuresis is corrected, azotemia gradually disappears and ______ occurs.
recovery
untreated prerenal _____ may lead to acute tubular necrosis.
oliguria
_______failure ensues when a condition that diminishes blood flow to the kidneys leads to hypoperfusion.
prerenal
__________is a consequence of renal hypoperfusion. The impaired blood flow results in decreased glomerular filtration rate and increased tubular reabsorption of sodium and water.
azotemia
__________ failure, also called intrinsic or parenchymal renal failure, results from damage to the filtering structures of the kidneys.
intrarenal
Bilateral obstruction of urine outflow leads to __________ failure. The cause may be in the bladder, ureters or urethra.
postrenal

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