Glossary of music mid term
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- a capella
- unaccompanied vocal music
- tempo mark indicating "fast"
- tempo mark indicating "slow"
- a showy passage for the soloist appearing near th eend of the movement in a cocerto
- the concluding part of a musical phrase
- gradual increase in volume
- gradual decrease in volume
- in notation, dynamic mark indicating "loud"
- moderately soft
- basso continuo
- small ensemble of at least two instruments who provide a foundationfor the melody or melodies above. heard almost exclusively in baroque music
- (italian for "tail") a final and concluding section of a musical composition
- distance between any two pitches on a musical scale
- da capo aria
- an aria in two sections, with an obligatory return to and repeat of the first.
- basso ostinato
- motive or phrase in bass that is repeated again and again
- speed at which beats occur in music
- rythmic device in which the natural accent falling on a strong beat is displaced to a weak beat or between beats
- process in music whereby the tonal center changes from one key to another, from G major to C major for example
- musical texture involving only a single line of music with no accompaniment
- texture in which all the voices or lines move to new pitches at roughly the same time
- texture involving two or more simultaneously sounding lines
- process whereby a performer plucks the strings of an instrument rather than bowing them
- in musical notation, a tempo mark indicating a slowing down of the tempo
- organization of music around a central tone (the tonic) and the scale built on that tone
- tempo mark indicating "getting faster"
- in musical notation, a dynamic mark indicating "loud"
- in musical notation, a dynamic mark indicating "very soft"
- something sounded
- secco recitative meter
- dry recitative accompanied only by the harpsichord
- *sharp-raises pitch half step
*flat-lowers pitch half step
*natural-cancels preexisting sharp or flat
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